Saros 35

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 35

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 35

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 35 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 35
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-34 -1852-Aug-0408:40:47 42884 3131 -47636 P t- 1.5011 0.1088 68N 36E 0 - -
2-33 -1834-Aug-1515:45:02 42464 3062 -47413 P t- 1.4495 0.1968 69N 84W 0 - -
3-32 -1816-Aug-2522:59:17 42045 2993 -47190 P t- 1.4052 0.2721 70N 154E 0 - -
4-31 -1798-Sep-0606:24:55 41629 2925 -46967 P t- 1.3693 0.3330 71N 28E 0 - -
5-30 -1780-Sep-1614:00:29 41215 2857 -46744 P t- 1.3407 0.3813 71N 102W 0 - -
6-29 -1762-Sep-2721:45:02 40803 2790 -46521 P t- 1.3186 0.4185 72N 127E 0 - -
7-28 -1744-Oct-0805:38:51 40392 2724 -46298 P t- 1.3033 0.4443 72N 8W 0 - -
8-27 -1726-Oct-1913:39:31 39984 2659 -46075 P t- 1.2925 0.4624 72N 144W 0 - -
9-26 -1708-Oct-2921:46:29 39578 2594 -45852 P t- 1.2865 0.4726 71N 79E 0 - -
10-25 -1690-Nov-1005:55:50 39175 2530 -45629 P t- 1.2815 0.4809 71N 59W 0 - -
11-24 -1672-Nov-2014:08:50 38773 2466 -45406 P t- 1.2789 0.4853 70N 163E 0 - -
12-23 -1654-Dec-0122:20:53 38373 2404 -45183 P t- 1.2745 0.4928 69N 26E 0 - -
13-22 -1636-Dec-1206:31:53 37975 2342 -44960 P t- 1.2687 0.5026 68N 110W 0 - -
14-21 -1618-Dec-2314:38:18 37580 2280 -44737 P t- 1.2582 0.5206 67N 116E 0 - -
15-20 -1599-Jan-0222:41:04 37186 2220 -44514 P t- 1.2440 0.5451 66N 17W 0 - -
16-19 -1581-Jan-1406:37:23 36795 2160 -44291 P t- 1.2235 0.5808 64N 148W 0 - -
17-18 -1563-Jan-2414:27:02 36405 2101 -44068 P t- 1.1966 0.6280 64N 84E 0 - -
18-17 -1545-Feb-0422:09:03 36018 2043 -43845 P t- 1.1622 0.6888 63N 43W 0 - -
19-16 -1527-Feb-1505:44:01 35633 1985 -43622 P t- 1.1211 0.7622 62N 167W 0 - -
20-15 -1509-Feb-2613:10:47 35250 1928 -43399 P t- 1.0722 0.8505 61N 71E 0 - -
21-14 -1491-Mar-0820:31:04 34869 1872 -43176 P t- 1.0166 0.9517 61N 50W 0 - -
22-13 -1473-Mar-2003:44:35 34490 1816 -42953 A t- 0.9543 0.9823 54N 140W 17 20801m19s
23-12 -1455-Mar-3010:53:54 34113 1761 -42730 A t- 0.8871 0.9909 50N 119E 27 6700m42s
24-11 -1437-Apr-1017:56:45 33738 1707 -42507 A p- 0.8134 0.9987 48N 16E 35 800m06s
25-10 -1419-Apr-2100:57:58 33365 1654 -42284 H p- 0.7373 1.0056 47N 86W 42 2800m26s
26 -9 -1401-May-0207:55:45 32994 1601 -42061 H p- 0.6574 1.0118 46N 172E 49 5300m55s
27 -8 -1383-May-1214:54:53 32626 1549 -41838 T p- 0.5770 1.0173 45N 70E 55 7201m22s
28 -7 -1365-May-2321:52:36 32259 1498 -41615 T p- 0.4946 1.0220 45N 31W 60 8601m47s
29 -6 -1347-Jun-0304:54:58 31894 1447 -41392 T p- 0.4148 1.0260 43N 134W 65 9702m09s
30 -5 -1329-Jun-1411:59:36 31532 1397 -41169 T p- 0.3363 1.0292 41N 123E 70 10502m30s
31 -4 -1311-Jun-2419:10:30 31172 1348 -40946 T n- 0.2619 1.0317 39N 17E 75 11102m48s
32 -3 -1293-Jul-0602:26:17 30813 1300 -40723 T n- 0.1906 1.0335 35N 91W 79 11503m04s
33 -2 -1275-Jul-1609:50:50 30457 1253 -40500 T nn 0.1257 1.0347 31N 159E 83 11803m16s
34 -1 -1257-Jul-2717:22:51 30103 1206 -40277 T nn 0.0664 1.0352 26N 45E 86 11903m24s
35 0 -1239-Aug-0701:03:42 29751 1160 -40054 T nn 0.0138 1.0354 21N 71W 89 11903m28s
36 1 -1221-Aug-1808:54:00 29401 1114 -39831 T nn -0.0317 1.0351 16N 169E 88 11803m27s
37 2 -1203-Aug-2816:54:03 29053 1070 -39608 T nn -0.0695 1.0347 10N 47E 86 11703m24s
38 3 -1185-Sep-0901:03:47 28707 1026 -39385 T nn -0.0999 1.0341 5N 78W 84 11603m19s
39 4 -1167-Sep-1909:21:55 28363 983 -39162 T nn -0.1238 1.0336 1S 155E 83 11403m14s
40 5 -1149-Sep-3017:49:06 28021 941 -38939 T -n -0.1405 1.0331 6S 26E 82 11303m09s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 35
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 6 -1131-Oct-1102:23:27 27681 899 -38716 T -n -0.1517 1.0329 11S 105W 81 11203m05s
42 7 -1113-Oct-2211:04:00 27344 858 -38493 Tm -n -0.1581 1.0330 16S 123E 81 11303m04s
43 8 -1095-Nov-0119:49:42 27008 818 -38270 T -n -0.1608 1.0335 21S 10W 81 11403m05s
44 9 -1077-Nov-1304:39:07 26675 779 -38047 T -n -0.1609 1.0345 25S 143W 81 11803m08s
45 10 -1059-Nov-2313:30:08 26343 741 -37824 T -n -0.1599 1.0360 28S 83E 81 12303m15s
46 11 -1041-Dec-0422:20:54 26014 703 -37601 T -n -0.1595 1.0380 30S 49W 81 12903m23s
47 12 -1023-Dec-1507:10:36 25687 666 -37378 T -n -0.1605 1.0405 32S 179E 81 13703m34s
48 13 -1005-Dec-2615:57:30 25361 630 -37155 T -n -0.1646 1.0434 33S 48E 80 14703m46s
49 14 -0986-Jan-0600:39:10 25038 617 -36932 T -n -0.1733 1.0467 34S 81W 80 15803m59s
50 15 -0968-Jan-1709:15:23 24717 610 -36709 T -n -0.1870 1.0503 33S 151E 79 17004m12s
51 16 -0950-Jan-2717:44:33 24398 603 -36486 T -n -0.2070 1.0541 32S 24E 78 18304m25s
52 17 -0932-Feb-0802:07:12 24081 596 -36263 T -n -0.2328 1.0579 31S 101W 76 19604m38s
53 18 -0914-Feb-1810:20:32 23766 589 -36040 T -n -0.2667 1.0617 29S 136E 74 21004m51s
54 19 -0896-Feb-2918:27:14 23454 582 -35817 T -n -0.3066 1.0652 27S 14E 72 22305m04s
55 20 -0878-Mar-1202:24:51 23143 576 -35594 T -n -0.3541 1.0685 25S 105W 69 23705m16s
56 21 -0860-Mar-2210:16:01 22834 569 -35371 T -n -0.4072 1.0712 24S 136E 66 25105m28s
57 22 -0842-Apr-0217:59:04 22528 562 -35148 T -p -0.4672 1.0733 23S 20E 62 26605m39s
58 23 -0824-Apr-1301:37:15 22223 555 -34925 T -p -0.5313 1.0747 22S 95W 58 28205m49s
59 24 -0806-Apr-2409:09:53 21921 548 -34702 T -p -0.6000 1.0752 23S 151E 53 30005m56s
60 25 -0788-May-0416:38:08 21620 541 -34479 T -p -0.6723 1.0747 25S 38E 48 32205m59s
61 26 -0770-May-1600:03:30 21322 534 -34256 T -p -0.7467 1.0732 28S 75W 42 35105m54s
62 27 -0752-May-2607:27:20 21026 528 -34033 T -p -0.8220 1.0705 33S 173E 34 39805m40s
63 28 -0734-Jun-0614:51:03 20732 521 -33810 T -t -0.8974 1.0665 40S 60E 26 49005m12s
64 29 -0716-Jun-1622:14:53 20440 514 -33587 T -t -0.9721 1.0601 52S 52W 13 87104m21s
65 30 -0698-Jun-2805:41:36 20150 507 -33364 P -t -1.0441 0.9361 65S 166W 0 - -
66 31 -0680-Jul-0813:11:34 19862 500 -33141 P -t -1.1126 0.8028 66S 70E 0 - -
67 32 -0662-Jul-1920:45:37 19576 493 -32918 P -t -1.1774 0.6776 67S 56W 0 - -
68 33 -0644-Jul-3004:24:47 19292 485 -32695 P -t -1.2373 0.5625 68S 177E 0 - -
69 34 -0626-Aug-1012:10:24 19010 478 -32472 P -t -1.2916 0.4593 69S 47E 0 - -
70 35 -0608-Aug-2020:03:12 18731 471 -32249 P -t -1.3390 0.3700 70S 85W 0 - -
71 36 -0590-Sep-0104:01:57 18453 464 -32026 P -t -1.3811 0.2918 71S 142E 0 - -
72 37 -0572-Sep-1112:09:17 18178 457 -31803 P -t -1.4155 0.2287 71S 5E 0 - -
73 38 -0554-Sep-2220:23:23 17904 451 -31580 P -t -1.4441 0.1772 72S 134W 0 - -
74 39 -0536-Oct-0304:45:35 17633 444 -31357 P -t -1.4656 0.1391 72S 85E 0 - -
75 40 -0518-Oct-1413:12:22 17363 437 -31134 P -t -1.4829 0.1092 72S 57W 0 - -
76 41 -0500-Oct-2421:46:07 17093 430 -30911 P -t -1.4942 0.0905 71S 160E 0 - -
77 42 -0482-Nov-0506:23:00 16774 424 -30688 P -t -1.5026 0.0770 70S 16E 0 - -
78 43 -0464-Nov-1515:03:20 16464 417 -30465 P -t -1.5079 0.0690 69S 128W 0 - -
79 44 -0446-Nov-2623:44:13 16162 410 -30242 P -t -1.5125 0.0621 69S 88E 0 - -
80 45 -0428-Dec-0708:25:40 15869 404 -30019 P -t -1.5164 0.0562 67S 55W 0 - -
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 35
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
81 46 -0410-Dec-1817:03:52 15583 397 -29796 P -t -1.5223 0.0465 66S 164E 0 - -
82 47 -0392-Dec-2901:38:17 15305 391 -29573 P -t -1.5309 0.0318 65S 24E 0 - -
83 48 -0373-Jan-0910:06:57 15034 385 -29350 Pe -t -1.5437 0.0095 64S 115W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 35

Solar eclipses of Saros 35 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -1852 Aug 04. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -0373 Jan 09. The total duration of Saros series 35 is 1478.47 years.

Summary of Saros 35
First Eclipse -1852 Aug 04
Last Eclipse -0373 Jan 09
Series Duration 1478.47 Years
No. of Eclipses 83
Sequence 21P 3A 2H 38T 19P

Saros 35 is composed of 83 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 35
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 83100.0%
PartialP 40 48.2%
AnnularA 3 3.6%
TotalT 38 45.8%
HybridH 2 2.4%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 35 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 35
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 43100.0%
Central (two limits) 43100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 83 eclipses in Saros 35 occur in the following order : 21P 3A 2H 38T 19P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 35 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 35
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -1473 Mar 2001m19s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -1437 Apr 1000m06s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -0788 May 0405m59s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -1383 May 1201m22s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -1401 May 0200m55s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -1419 Apr 2100m26s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -1491 Mar 08 - 0.95165
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -0373 Jan 09 - 0.00945

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.