Saros 43

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 43

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 43

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 43 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 43
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-36 -1512-Apr-2915:37:27 35310 1937 -43434 Pb t- 1.5388 0.0036 61N 16W 0 - -
2-35 -1494-May-1022:39:45 34928 1880 -43211 P t- 1.4690 0.1337 62N 132W 0 - -
3-34 -1476-May-2105:39:06 34549 1825 -42988 P t- 1.3977 0.2660 62N 112E 0 - -
4-33 -1458-Jun-0112:36:07 34172 1770 -42765 P t- 1.3251 0.3999 63N 3W 0 - -
5-32 -1440-Jun-1119:33:21 33796 1715 -42542 P t- 1.2533 0.5312 63N 118W 0 - -
6-31 -1422-Jun-2302:31:33 33423 1662 -42319 P t- 1.1830 0.6584 64N 126E 0 - -
7-30 -1404-Jul-0309:33:00 33052 1609 -42096 P t- 1.1162 0.7780 65N 9E 0 - -
8-29 -1386-Jul-1416:36:30 32683 1557 -41873 P t- 1.0517 0.8918 66N 108W 0 - -
9-28 -1368-Jul-2423:46:26 32316 1506 -41650 An t- 0.9935 0.9744 72N 130E 5 - 01m24s
10-27 -1350-Aug-0507:01:02 31951 1455 -41427 A p- 0.9401 0.9722 84N 51W 19 30001m44s
11-26 -1332-Aug-1514:23:54 31589 1405 -41204 A p- 0.8940 0.9677 78N 144E 26 26302m12s
12-25 -1314-Aug-2621:52:25 31228 1356 -40981 A p- 0.8534 0.9627 70N 17E 31 26002m46s
13-24 -1296-Sep-0605:30:38 30869 1308 -40758 A p- 0.8214 0.9575 63N 105W 34 27103m23s
14-23 -1278-Sep-1713:15:12 30513 1260 -40535 A p- 0.7955 0.9523 56N 133E 37 28604m04s
15-22 -1260-Sep-2721:07:38 30158 1213 -40312 A p- 0.7767 0.9474 50N 10E 39 30404m47s
16-21 -1242-Oct-0905:05:53 29806 1167 -40089 A p- 0.7633 0.9428 45N 114W 40 32405m33s
17-20 -1224-Oct-1913:10:55 29455 1121 -39866 A p- 0.7557 0.9386 41N 120E 41 34406m19s
18-19 -1206-Oct-3021:19:14 29107 1077 -39643 A p- 0.7518 0.9350 37N 6W 41 36307m04s
19-18 -1188-Nov-1005:30:16 28761 1033 -39420 A p- 0.7505 0.9320 33N 133W 41 38207m47s
20-17 -1170-Nov-2113:41:50 28417 990 -39197 A p- 0.7503 0.9296 30N 100E 41 39708m26s
21-16 -1152-Dec-0121:53:34 28075 947 -38974 A p- 0.7505 0.9280 28N 27W 41 40908m57s
22-15 -1134-Dec-1306:00:58 27734 905 -38751 A p- 0.7478 0.9270 26N 153W 41 41409m19s
23-14 -1116-Dec-2314:04:33 27397 865 -38528 A p- 0.7424 0.9267 24N 82E 42 41209m30s
24-13 -1097-Jan-0322:00:53 27061 824 -38305 A p- 0.7315 0.9271 23N 41W 43 40109m29s
25-12 -1079-Jan-1405:51:03 26727 785 -38082 A p- 0.7160 0.9280 22N 163W 44 38409m17s
26-11 -1061-Jan-2513:30:22 26395 746 -37859 A p- 0.6919 0.9295 21N 79E 46 36108m56s
27-10 -1043-Feb-0421:02:00 26065 709 -37636 A p- 0.6618 0.9313 20N 37W 48 33608m28s
28 -9 -1025-Feb-1604:22:02 25738 672 -37413 A p- 0.6223 0.9335 20N 149W 51 31007m57s
29 -8 -1007-Feb-2611:32:53 25412 635 -37190 A p- 0.5757 0.9359 19N 101E 55 28507m26s
30 -7 -0989-Mar-0918:32:21 25089 618 -36967 A p- 0.5196 0.9383 19N 5W 59 26306m57s
31 -6 -0971-Mar-2001:23:49 24767 611 -36744 A p- 0.4572 0.9408 20N 109W 63 24306m32s
32 -5 -0953-Mar-3108:06:01 24448 604 -36521 A p- 0.3870 0.9430 20N 150E 67 22606m12s
33 -4 -0935-Apr-1014:40:08 24131 597 -36298 A pn 0.3103 0.9451 20N 52E 72 21105m58s
34 -3 -0917-Apr-2121:08:08 23816 590 -36075 A nn 0.2288 0.9468 20N 45W 77 20005m50s
35 -2 -0899-May-0203:31:10 23503 583 -35852 A nn 0.1432 0.9483 20N 140W 82 19205m49s
36 -1 -0881-May-1309:50:52 23192 577 -35629 A nn 0.0547 0.9492 19N 126E 87 18705m54s
37 0 -0863-May-2316:07:55 22883 570 -35406 Am nn -0.0360 0.9498 17N 32E 88 18406m05s
38 1 -0845-Jun-0322:25:53 22576 563 -35183 A nn -0.1259 0.9498 14N 62W 83 18606m22s
39 2 -0827-Jun-1404:45:10 22271 556 -34960 A nn -0.2146 0.9494 11N 158W 78 19006m42s
40 3 -0809-Jun-2511:07:39 21968 549 -34737 A np -0.3005 0.9486 6N 106E 73 19807m04s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 43
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 4 -0791-Jul-0517:35:08 21667 542 -34514 A -p -0.3828 0.9474 1N 7E 68 20907m23s
42 5 -0773-Jul-1700:09:40 21369 536 -34291 A -p -0.4593 0.9459 4S 94W 63 22407m36s
43 6 -0755-Jul-2706:51:52 21072 529 -34068 A -p -0.5296 0.9441 11S 163E 58 24307m42s
44 7 -0737-Aug-0713:42:08 20778 522 -33845 A -p -0.5937 0.9421 17S 56E 53 26507m40s
45 8 -0719-Aug-1720:42:46 20485 515 -33622 A -p -0.6495 0.9400 24S 53W 49 29107m31s
46 9 -0701-Aug-2903:53:26 20195 508 -33399 A -p -0.6974 0.9379 30S 166W 46 31907m18s
47 10 -0683-Sep-0811:14:51 19907 501 -33176 A -p -0.7370 0.9361 37S 79E 42 34807m02s
48 11 -0665-Sep-1918:46:17 19621 494 -32953 A -p -0.7689 0.9344 43S 39W 39 37806m44s
49 12 -0647-Sep-3002:28:16 19336 487 -32730 A -p -0.7926 0.9332 49S 160W 37 40506m26s
50 13 -0629-Oct-1110:19:21 19054 479 -32507 A -p -0.8094 0.9323 55S 77E 36 42806m08s
51 14 -0611-Oct-2118:17:38 18774 472 -32284 A -p -0.8209 0.9322 60S 47W 34 44305m50s
52 15 -0593-Nov-0202:23:34 18496 465 -32061 A -p -0.8267 0.9325 65S 171W 34 44805m32s
53 16 -0575-Nov-1210:34:01 18221 459 -31838 A -p -0.8297 0.9336 70S 65E 34 44605m15s
54 17 -0557-Nov-2318:48:38 17947 452 -31615 A -p -0.8296 0.9354 74S 56W 34 43404m57s
55 18 -0539-Dec-0403:03:18 17675 445 -31392 A -p -0.8303 0.9378 78S 170W 34 41804m39s
56 19 -0521-Dec-1511:19:28 17406 438 -31169 A -p -0.8303 0.9409 80S 84E 34 39704m20s
57 20 -0503-Dec-2519:32:43 17138 431 -30946 A -p -0.8339 0.9446 80S 16W 33 37403m59s
58 21 -0484-Jan-0603:43:03 16824 425 -30723 A -p -0.8404 0.9488 77S 121W 32 35003m38s
59 22 -0466-Jan-1611:47:26 16512 418 -30500 A -p -0.8527 0.9534 74S 127E 31 32803m16s
60 23 -0448-Jan-2719:47:01 16209 411 -30277 A -p -0.8697 0.9583 71S 13E 29 30802m53s
61 24 -0430-Feb-0703:39:27 15915 405 -30054 A -p -0.8936 0.9633 67S 102W 26 29502m30s
62 25 -0412-Feb-1811:24:48 15628 398 -29831 A -p -0.9241 0.9683 65S 145E 22 29802m07s
63 26 -0394-Feb-2819:02:32 15348 392 -29608 A -p -0.9618 0.9727 63S 38E 15 36101m46s
64 27 -0376-Mar-1102:33:33 15076 386 -29385 P -t -1.0056 0.9729 61S 52W 0 - -
65 28 -0358-Mar-2209:57:00 14810 379 -29162 P -t -1.0563 0.8848 61S 173W 0 - -
66 29 -0340-Apr-0117:14:56 14550 373 -28939 P -t -1.1125 0.7857 61S 68E 0 - -
67 30 -0322-Apr-1300:27:14 14296 367 -28716 P -t -1.1737 0.6759 61S 50W 0 - -
68 31 -0304-Apr-2307:36:42 14048 361 -28493 P -t -1.2381 0.5591 61S 167W 0 - -
69 32 -0286-May-0414:41:21 13805 355 -28270 P -t -1.3070 0.4329 62S 77E 0 - -
70 33 -0268-May-1421:46:10 13567 349 -28047 P -t -1.3762 0.3048 62S 40W 0 - -
71 34 -0250-May-2604:49:11 13335 343 -27824 P -t -1.4472 0.1723 63S 156W 0 - -
72 35 -0232-Jun-0511:55:05 13107 337 -27601 Pe -t -1.5168 0.0417 64S 87E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 43

Solar eclipses of Saros 43 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -1512 Apr 29. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -0232 Jun 05. The total duration of Saros series 43 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 43
First Eclipse -1512 Apr 29
Last Eclipse -0232 Jun 05
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 8P 55A 9P

Saros 43 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 43
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 17 23.6%
AnnularA 55 76.4%
TotalT 0 0.0%
HybridH 0 0.0%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 43 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 43
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 55100.0%
Central (two limits) 54 98.2%
Central (one limit) 1 1.8%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 43 occur in the following order : 8P 55A 9P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 43 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 43
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -1116 Dec 2309m30s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -1368 Jul 2401m24s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -0376 Mar 11 - 0.97290
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -1512 Apr 29 - 0.00363

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.