Saros 52

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 52

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 52

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 52 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 52
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-46 -1378-Aug-1413:11:54 32518 1534 -41773 Pb t- -1.5202 0.0275 63S 69E 0 - -
2-45 -1360-Aug-2421:12:20 32152 1483 -41550 P t- -1.4853 0.0959 62S 62W 0 - -
3-44 -1342-Sep-0505:20:25 31788 1433 -41327 P t- -1.4568 0.1513 61S 165E 0 - -
4-43 -1324-Sep-1513:35:39 31427 1383 -41104 P t- -1.4348 0.1941 61S 31E 0 - -
5-42 -1306-Sep-2621:58:14 31067 1334 -40881 P t- -1.4193 0.2245 61S 105W 0 - -
6-41 -1288-Oct-0706:27:13 30709 1286 -40658 P t- -1.4095 0.2439 61S 118E 0 - -
7-40 -1270-Oct-1815:02:19 30353 1239 -40435 P t- -1.4051 0.2531 61S 21W 0 - -
8-39 -1252-Oct-2823:40:15 30000 1192 -40212 P t- -1.4036 0.2568 61S 161W 0 - -
9-38 -1234-Nov-0908:22:29 29648 1146 -39989 P t- -1.4062 0.2530 62S 58E 0 - -
10-37 -1216-Nov-1917:05:13 29299 1101 -39766 P t- -1.4103 0.2462 62S 83W 0 - -
11-36 -1198-Dec-0101:48:11 28951 1057 -39543 P t- -1.4149 0.2384 63S 136E 0 - -
12-35 -1180-Dec-1110:27:06 28606 1013 -39320 P t- -1.4173 0.2346 64S 5W 0 - -
13-34 -1162-Dec-2219:03:19 28263 970 -39097 P t- -1.4182 0.2332 65S 145W 0 - -
14-33 -1143-Jan-0203:33:01 27922 928 -38874 P t- -1.4150 0.2391 66S 76E 0 - -
15-32 -1125-Jan-1311:55:47 27583 887 -38651 P t- -1.4073 0.2532 67S 62W 0 - -
16-31 -1107-Jan-2320:09:43 27246 846 -38428 P t- -1.3936 0.2779 68S 162E 0 - -
17-30 -1089-Feb-0404:14:58 26911 807 -38205 P t- -1.3736 0.3138 69S 28E 0 - -
18-29 -1071-Feb-1412:09:43 26578 768 -37982 P t- -1.3463 0.3630 70S 105W 0 - -
19-28 -1053-Feb-2519:54:23 26247 729 -37759 P t- -1.3117 0.4252 71S 125E 0 - -
20-27 -1035-Mar-0803:28:47 25918 692 -37536 P t- -1.2697 0.5006 71S 3W 0 - -
21-26 -1017-Mar-1910:54:01 25592 655 -37313 P t- -1.2213 0.5877 72S 130W 0 - -
22-25 -0999-Mar-2918:08:26 25267 622 -37090 P t- -1.1647 0.6893 72S 106E 0 - -
23-24 -0981-Apr-1001:15:36 24944 615 -36867 P t- -1.1029 0.8001 72S 16W 0 - -
24-23 -0963-Apr-2008:14:03 24624 608 -36644 P t- -1.0345 0.9222 71S 135W 0 - -
25-22 -0945-May-0115:07:27 24306 601 -36421 A t- -0.9629 0.9812 59S 83E 15 25201m30s
26-21 -0927-May-1121:53:11 23989 594 -36198 A p- -0.8856 0.9820 46S 34W 27 13701m41s
27-20 -0909-May-2304:37:14 23675 587 -35975 A p- -0.8076 0.9811 35S 143W 36 11401m59s
28-19 -0891-Jun-0211:17:16 23363 580 -35752 A p- -0.7267 0.9792 26S 111E 43 10802m22s
29-18 -0873-Jun-1317:57:53 23053 574 -35529 A p- -0.6471 0.9766 18S 6E 50 10902m51s
30-17 -0855-Jun-2400:37:31 22745 567 -35306 A p- -0.5673 0.9733 11S 97W 55 11603m23s
31-16 -0837-Jul-0507:21:19 22439 560 -35083 A p- -0.4917 0.9695 6S 159E 61 12603m55s
32-15 -0819-Jul-1514:07:26 22135 553 -34860 A p- -0.4185 0.9652 1S 55E 65 13804m27s
33-14 -0801-Jul-2620:58:39 21833 546 -34637 A p- -0.3501 0.9606 2N 49W 70 15204m57s
34-13 -0783-Aug-0603:55:41 21533 539 -34414 A nn -0.2872 0.9557 4N 154W 73 16805m26s
35-12 -0765-Aug-1711:00:24 21236 532 -34191 A nn -0.2312 0.9507 4N 99E 77 18505m53s
36-11 -0747-Aug-2718:13:03 20940 526 -33968 A nn -0.1821 0.9457 4N 10W 80 20306m20s
37-10 -0729-Sep-0801:33:11 20646 519 -33745 A nn -0.1396 0.9409 2N 121W 82 22106m47s
38 -9 -0711-Sep-1809:02:41 20355 512 -33522 A nn -0.1053 0.9363 0S 126E 84 23807m15s
39 -8 -0693-Sep-2916:39:36 20066 505 -33299 A nn -0.0774 0.9320 3S 10E 86 25507m43s
40 -7 -0675-Oct-1000:24:17 19778 498 -33076 A nn -0.0564 0.9282 7S 107W 87 27008m13s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 52
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 -6 -0657-Oct-2108:15:00 19493 491 -32853 A nn -0.0408 0.9249 10S 134E 88 28308m43s
42 -5 -0639-Oct-3116:11:48 19210 483 -32630 A nn -0.0305 0.9222 14S 13E 88 29409m12s
43 -4 -0621-Nov-1200:11:54 18929 476 -32407 A nn -0.0232 0.9202 17S 108W 89 30209m40s
44 -3 -0603-Nov-2208:13:56 18650 469 -32184 Am nn -0.0179 0.9188 20S 131E 89 30810m06s
45 -2 -0585-Dec-0316:16:25 18373 462 -31961 A nn -0.0133 0.9182 22S 11E 89 31110m27s
46 -1 -0567-Dec-1400:18:00 18098 455 -31738 A nn -0.0086 0.9182 24S 110W 89 31110m42s
47 0 -0549-Dec-2508:15:21 17825 449 -31515 A nn -0.0004 0.9189 24S 131E 90 30810m49s
48 1 -0530-Jan-0416:07:56 17554 442 -31292 A nn 0.0116 0.9202 23S 13E 89 30210m50s
49 2 -0512-Jan-1523:53:51 17285 435 -31069 A nn 0.0288 0.9222 21S 103W 88 29410m41s
50 3 -0494-Jan-2607:33:26 16999 428 -30846 A nn 0.0511 0.9245 17S 141E 87 28510m24s
51 4 -0476-Feb-0615:02:41 16683 422 -30623 A nn 0.0819 0.9274 13S 28E 85 27410m00s
52 5 -0458-Feb-1622:24:36 16375 415 -30400 A nn 0.1186 0.9304 8S 85W 83 26209m29s
53 6 -0440-Feb-2805:35:45 16076 409 -30177 A nn 0.1646 0.9337 1S 165E 81 25008m53s
54 7 -0422-Mar-1012:39:40 15785 402 -29954 A nn 0.2164 0.9371 6N 56E 77 23908m14s
55 8 -0404-Mar-2019:32:47 15502 396 -29731 A nn 0.2774 0.9405 13N 51W 74 22907m32s
56 9 -0386-Apr-0102:20:19 15225 389 -29508 A -p 0.3431 0.9437 21N 157W 70 22006m49s
57 10 -0368-Apr-1108:59:26 14956 383 -29285 A -p 0.4159 0.9467 30N 100E 65 21506m06s
58 11 -0350-Apr-2215:33:43 14692 377 -29062 A -p 0.4930 0.9494 39N 3W 60 21305m25s
59 12 -0332-May-0222:02:53 14435 370 -28839 A -p 0.5745 0.9516 48N 104W 55 21604m47s
60 13 -0314-May-1404:30:09 14184 364 -28616 A -p 0.6580 0.9534 57N 156E 49 22704m13s
61 14 -0296-May-2410:55:49 13938 358 -28393 A -p 0.7429 0.9545 67N 58E 42 24903m45s
62 15 -0278-Jun-0417:21:33 13698 352 -28170 A -p 0.8281 0.9548 78N 39W 34 29703m22s
63 16 -0260-Jun-1423:49:44 13462 346 -27947 A -p 0.9116 0.9542 89N 77W 24 41603m05s
64 17 -0242-Jun-2606:21:48 13232 340 -27724 An -t 0.9927 0.9507 71N 57W 5 - 02m50s
65 18 -0224-Jul-0612:58:58 13006 334 -27501 P -t 1.0699 0.8488 65N 164W 0 - -
66 19 -0206-Jul-1719:42:48 12785 328 -27278 P -t 1.1422 0.7232 64N 84E 0 - -
67 20 -0188-Jul-2802:34:56 12568 322 -27055 P -t 1.2083 0.6081 63N 29W 0 - -
68 21 -0170-Aug-0809:36:10 12355 317 -26832 P -t 1.2680 0.5044 62N 144W 0 - -
69 22 -0152-Aug-1816:46:06 12146 311 -26609 P -t 1.3212 0.4117 62N 98E 0 - -
70 23 -0134-Aug-3000:07:15 11941 305 -26386 P -t 1.3662 0.3334 61N 22W 0 - -
71 24 -0116-Sep-0907:38:28 11739 300 -26163 P -t 1.4037 0.2683 61N 144W 0 - -
72 25 -0098-Sep-2015:21:12 11541 294 -25940 P -t 1.4329 0.2176 61N 91E 0 - -
73 26 -0080-Sep-3023:12:26 11346 289 -25717 P -t 1.4560 0.1773 61N 37W 0 - -
74 27 -0062-Oct-1207:14:43 11154 283 -25494 P -t 1.4711 0.1509 61N 167W 0 - -
75 28 -0044-Oct-2215:24:04 10965 278 -25271 P -t 1.4813 0.1329 61N 61E 0 - -
76 29 -0026-Nov-0223:41:26 10779 272 -25048 P -t 1.4858 0.1247 62N 73W 0 - -
77 30 -0008-Nov-1308:03:24 10595 267 -24825 P -t 1.4873 0.1214 62N 152E 0 - -
78 31 0010-Nov-2416:30:29 10414 262 -24602 P -t 1.4854 0.1237 63N 15E 0 - -
79 32 0028-Dec-0500:59:04 10234 257 -24379 P -t 1.4831 0.1266 64N 122W 0 - -
80 33 0046-Dec-1609:28:28 10056 251 -24156 P -t 1.4809 0.1292 65N 100E 0 - -
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 52
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
81 34 0064-Dec-2617:56:44 9880 246 -23933 P -t 1.4803 0.1286 66N 38W 0 - -
82 35 0083-Jan-0702:22:46 9706 241 -23710 P -t 1.4819 0.1240 67N 176W 0 - -
83 36 0101-Jan-1710:43:52 9532 236 -23487 P -t 1.4884 0.1103 68N 47E 0 - -
84 37 0119-Jan-2818:59:56 9360 231 -23264 P -t 1.4997 0.0879 69N 90W 0 - -
85 38 0137-Feb-0803:09:39 9188 227 -23041 P -t 1.5166 0.0548 70N 135E 0 - -
86 39 0155-Feb-1911:13:38 9017 222 -22818 Pe -t 1.5388 0.0117 71N 0W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 52

Solar eclipses of Saros 52 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on -1378 Aug 14. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 0155 Feb 19. The total duration of Saros series 52 is 1532.56 years.

Summary of Saros 52
First Eclipse -1378 Aug 14
Last Eclipse 0155 Feb 19
Series Duration 1532.56 Years
No. of Eclipses 86
Sequence 24P 40A 22P

Saros 52 is composed of 86 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 52
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 86100.0%
PartialP 46 53.5%
AnnularA 40 46.5%
TotalT 0 0.0%
HybridH 0 0.0%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 52 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 52
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 40100.0%
Central (two limits) 39 97.5%
Central (one limit) 1 2.5%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 86 eclipses in Saros 52 occur in the following order : 24P 40A 22P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 52 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 52
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -0530 Jan 0410m50s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -0945 May 0101m30s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -0963 Apr 20 - 0.92223
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 0155 Feb 19 - 0.01169

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.