Saros 57

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 57

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 57

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 57 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 57
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-37 -1161-Jun-1700:38:59 28254 969 -39091 Pb t- 1.5270 0.0274 64N 137E 0 - -
2-36 -1143-Jun-2707:46:38 27913 927 -38868 P t- 1.4503 0.1680 65N 19E 0 - -
3-35 -1125-Jul-0815:00:37 27574 886 -38645 P t- 1.3777 0.3015 66N 102W 0 - -
4-34 -1107-Jul-1822:22:31 27237 845 -38422 P t- 1.3108 0.4249 67N 136E 0 - -
5-33 -1089-Jul-3005:52:42 26902 806 -38199 P t- 1.2495 0.5383 68N 11E 0 - -
6-32 -1071-Aug-0913:31:26 26569 767 -37976 P t- 1.1945 0.6400 69N 117W 0 - -
7-31 -1053-Aug-2021:19:56 26238 728 -37753 P t- 1.1468 0.7283 70N 112E 0 - -
8-30 -1035-Aug-3105:18:20 25910 691 -37530 P t- 1.1066 0.8025 71N 21W 0 - -
9-29 -1017-Sep-1113:25:33 25583 654 -37307 P t- 1.0731 0.8642 71N 158W 0 - -
10-28 -0999-Sep-2121:42:47 25258 621 -37084 P t- 1.0472 0.9121 72N 62E 0 - -
11-27 -0981-Oct-0306:08:24 24936 614 -36861 P t- 1.0275 0.9484 72N 80W 0 - -
12-26 -0963-Oct-1314:42:31 24615 608 -36638 P t- 1.0145 0.9724 72N 136E 0 - -
13-25 -0945-Oct-2423:21:24 24297 601 -36415 P t- 1.0051 0.9901 71N 9W 0 - -
14-24 -0927-Nov-0408:06:49 23981 594 -36192 P t- 1.0006 0.9988 71N 155W 0 - -
15-23 -0909-Nov-1516:54:51 23667 587 -35969 T+ t- 0.9977 1.0048 70N 59E 0 - -
16-22 -0891-Nov-2601:45:19 23355 580 -35746 Tn t- 0.9967 1.0144 67N 89W 2 - 00m58s
17-21 -0873-Dec-0710:34:34 23044 573 -35523 Tn t- 0.9944 1.0174 64N 125E 4 - 01m13s
18-20 -0855-Dec-1719:23:14 22737 567 -35300 T t- 0.9914 1.0208 61N 17W 6 64601m30s
19-19 -0837-Dec-2904:08:03 22431 560 -35077 T t- 0.9849 1.0249 57N 157W 9 53301m50s
20-18 -0818-Jan-0812:48:17 22127 553 -34854 T t- 0.9746 1.0296 53N 66E 12 46502m12s
21-17 -0800-Jan-1921:22:34 21825 546 -34631 T t- 0.9590 1.0346 49N 68W 16 41702m36s
22-16 -0782-Jan-3005:50:29 21525 539 -34408 T t- 0.9380 1.0400 46N 160E 20 38603m01s
23-15 -0764-Feb-1014:10:30 21228 532 -34185 T p- 0.9102 1.0456 43N 32E 24 36203m25s
24-14 -0746-Feb-2022:22:59 20932 525 -33962 T p- 0.8759 1.0511 41N 94W 29 34503m47s
25-13 -0728-Mar-0306:27:42 20639 519 -33739 T p- 0.8349 1.0565 40N 143E 33 33104m07s
26-12 -0710-Mar-1414:25:26 20347 512 -33516 T p- 0.7878 1.0617 39N 22E 38 32104m26s
27-11 -0692-Mar-2422:14:38 20058 505 -33293 T p- 0.7333 1.0664 39N 95W 43 31304m42s
28-10 -0674-Apr-0505:58:15 19770 497 -33070 T p- 0.6741 1.0706 39N 149E 47 30604m58s
29 -9 -0656-Apr-1513:35:22 19485 490 -32847 T p- 0.6094 1.0741 39N 35E 52 29905m12s
30 -8 -0638-Apr-2621:08:51 19202 483 -32624 T p- 0.5414 1.0768 40N 77W 57 29305m26s
31 -7 -0620-May-0704:36:46 18921 476 -32401 T p- 0.4687 1.0787 40N 173E 62 28605m40s
32 -6 -0602-May-1812:03:53 18642 469 -32178 T p- 0.3954 1.0797 39N 64E 67 27905m52s
33 -5 -0584-May-2819:28:19 18365 462 -31955 T n- 0.3203 1.0798 38N 45W 71 27106m04s
34 -4 -0566-Jun-0902:53:20 18090 455 -31732 T n- 0.2458 1.0790 36N 154W 76 26306m15s
35 -3 -0548-Jun-1910:18:11 17817 448 -31509 T n- 0.1713 1.0772 33N 96E 80 25406m22s
36 -2 -0530-Jun-3017:46:32 17547 442 -31286 T nn 0.1002 1.0747 30N 15W 84 24406m24s
37 -1 -0512-Jul-1101:17:57 17278 435 -31063 Tm nn 0.0321 1.0713 25N 128W 88 23206m21s
38 0 -0494-Jul-2208:53:30 16991 428 -30840 T nn -0.0320 1.0674 20N 118E 88 22006m11s
39 1 -0476-Aug-0116:35:09 16674 422 -30617 T nn -0.0906 1.0627 15N 1E 85 20705m53s
40 2 -0458-Aug-1300:23:04 16367 415 -30394 T -n -0.1433 1.0577 9N 118W 82 19205m29s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 57
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 3 -0440-Aug-2308:18:31 16068 408 -30171 T -n -0.1894 1.0523 3N 120E 79 17604m59s
42 4 -0422-Sep-0316:20:11 15777 402 -29948 T -n -0.2297 1.0468 3S 3W 77 16004m26s
43 5 -0404-Sep-1400:30:31 15494 395 -29725 T -n -0.2621 1.0412 9S 128W 75 14203m52s
44 6 -0386-Sep-2508:47:32 15218 389 -29502 T -n -0.2885 1.0357 15S 105E 73 12503m19s
45 7 -0368-Oct-0517:11:56 14948 383 -29279 T -n -0.3082 1.0304 20S 24W 72 10802m48s
46 8 -0350-Oct-1701:42:08 14685 376 -29056 T -n -0.3225 1.0254 26S 153W 71 9102m19s
47 9 -0332-Oct-2710:18:48 14428 370 -28833 T -n -0.3311 1.0209 30S 77E 70 7501m53s
48 10 -0314-Nov-0718:58:42 14177 364 -28610 H3 -n -0.3362 1.0168 35S 54W 70 6101m30s
49 11 -0296-Nov-1803:41:06 13932 358 -28387 H -n -0.3387 1.0133 38S 176E 70 4901m11s
50 12 -0278-Nov-2912:24:22 13691 352 -28164 H -n -0.3400 1.0103 41S 47E 70 3800m55s
51 13 -0260-Dec-0921:07:56 13456 346 -27941 H -n -0.3408 1.0079 43S 82W 70 2900m42s
52 14 -0242-Dec-2105:47:51 13226 340 -27718 H -n -0.3440 1.0060 44S 151E 70 2200m32s
53 15 -0224-Dec-3114:24:32 13000 334 -27495 H -n -0.3494 1.0046 44S 24E 69 1700m24s
54 16 -0205-Jan-1122:54:45 12779 328 -27272 H -n -0.3597 1.0036 43S 101W 69 1300m19s
55 17 -0187-Jan-2207:19:38 12562 322 -27049 H -p -0.3739 1.0028 41S 135E 68 1100m15s
56 18 -0169-Feb-0215:34:11 12349 316 -26826 H -p -0.3962 1.0024 39S 13E 66 900m12s
57 19 -0151-Feb-1223:41:55 12140 311 -26603 H -p -0.4237 1.0019 37S 108W 65 700m10s
58 20 -0133-Feb-2407:38:16 11935 305 -26380 H -p -0.4600 1.0015 35S 134E 62 600m08s
59 21 -0115-Mar-0615:26:25 11734 299 -26157 H -p -0.5023 1.0009 33S 17E 60 400m05s
60 22 -0097-Mar-1723:02:40 11536 294 -25934 H -p -0.5537 1.0001 31S 97W 56 000m00s
61 23 -0079-Mar-2806:31:14 11341 288 -25711 A -p -0.6106 0.9989 31S 151E 52 500m06s
62 24 -0061-Apr-0813:48:56 11149 283 -25488 A -p -0.6755 0.9971 31S 42E 47 1300m16s
63 25 -0043-Apr-1820:58:50 10960 278 -25265 A -p -0.7459 0.9947 33S 66W 42 2700m29s
64 26 -0025-Apr-3004:00:16 10774 272 -25042 A -t -0.8218 0.9915 36S 171W 34 5100m47s
65 27 -0007-May-1010:56:22 10590 267 -24819 A -t -0.9010 0.9872 42S 86E 25 10201m09s
66 28 0011-May-2117:46:51 10409 262 -24596 A -t -0.9837 0.9805 55S 11W 9 40801m36s
67 29 0029-Jun-0100:33:25 10229 256 -24373 P -t -1.0682 0.8609 64S 111W 0 - -
68 30 0047-Jun-1207:18:07 10052 251 -24150 P -t -1.1529 0.7090 65S 137E 0 - -
69 31 0065-Jun-2214:01:56 9876 246 -23927 P -t -1.2367 0.5595 66S 26E 0 - -
70 32 0083-Jul-0320:46:13 9701 241 -23704 P -t -1.3189 0.4142 67S 87W 0 - -
71 33 0101-Jul-1403:32:44 9528 236 -23481 P -t -1.3981 0.2755 68S 160E 0 - -
72 34 0119-Jul-2510:23:17 9355 231 -23258 P -t -1.4728 0.1461 69S 45E 0 - -
73 35 0137-Aug-0417:19:10 9183 226 -23035 Pe -t -1.5417 0.0283 69S 71W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 57

Solar eclipses of Saros 57 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -1161 Jun 17. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 0137 Aug 04. The total duration of Saros series 57 is 1298.17 years.

Summary of Saros 57
First Eclipse -1161 Jun 17
Last Eclipse 0137 Aug 04
Series Duration 1298.17 Years
No. of Eclipses 73
Sequence 14P 33T 13H 6A 7P

Saros 57 is composed of 73 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 57
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 73100.0%
PartialP 21 28.8%
AnnularA 6 8.2%
TotalT 33 45.2%
HybridH 13 17.8%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 57 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 57
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 52100.0%
Central (two limits) 49 94.2%
Central (one limit) 2 3.8%
Non-Central (one limit) 1 1.9%

The 73 eclipses in Saros 57 occur in the following order : 14P 33T 13H 6A 7P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 57 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 57
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 0011 May 2101m36s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -0079 Mar 2800m06s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse -0530 Jun 3006m24s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -0891 Nov 2600m58s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -0314 Nov 0701m30s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -0097 Mar 1700m00s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse -0927 Nov 04 - 0.99882
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -1161 Jun 17 - 0.02742

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.