Saros 59

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 59

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 59

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 59 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 59
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-34 -1031-Jun-1916:51:42 25841 683 -37483 Pb t- 1.5203 0.0721 64N 120W 0 - -
2-33 -1013-Jun-3023:17:39 25514 647 -37260 P t- 1.4413 0.2081 65N 132E 0 - -
3-32 -0995-Jul-1105:46:57 25190 620 -37037 P t- 1.3646 0.3394 66N 23E 0 - -
4-31 -0977-Jul-2212:24:04 24868 613 -36814 P t- 1.2936 0.4603 67N 88W 0 - -
5-30 -0959-Aug-0119:06:48 24548 606 -36591 P t- 1.2267 0.5737 68N 159E 0 - -
6-29 -0941-Aug-1302:00:14 24230 599 -36368 P t- 1.1680 0.6725 69N 42E 0 - -
7-28 -0923-Aug-2309:01:37 23914 592 -36145 P t- 1.1155 0.7602 70N 77W 0 - -
8-27 -0905-Sep-0316:13:01 23601 586 -35922 P t- 1.0709 0.8343 71N 161E 0 - -
9-26 -0887-Sep-1323:33:46 23289 579 -35699 P t- 1.0334 0.8961 72N 35E 0 - -
10-25 -0869-Sep-2507:05:11 22979 572 -35476 A+ t- 1.0041 0.9439 72N 93W 0 - -
11-24 -0851-Oct-0514:44:53 22672 565 -35253 An t- 0.9815 0.9125 69N 108E 10 - 06m55s
12-23 -0833-Oct-1622:32:25 22366 558 -35030 A t- 0.9647 0.9123 63N 28W 15 130207m34s
13-22 -0815-Oct-2706:26:42 22063 551 -34807 A p- 0.9532 0.9122 59N 158W 17 112408m07s
14-21 -0797-Nov-0714:26:57 21762 545 -34584 A p- 0.9459 0.9124 55N 74E 18 104208m34s
15-20 -0779-Nov-1722:29:53 21462 538 -34361 A p- 0.9404 0.9132 52N 55W 19 98508m53s
16-19 -0761-Nov-2906:35:31 21165 531 -34138 A p- 0.9365 0.9145 49N 177E 20 94009m04s
17-18 -0743-Dec-0914:40:29 20870 524 -33915 A p- 0.9313 0.9166 47N 49E 21 88109m04s
18-17 -0725-Dec-2022:44:49 20577 517 -33692 A p- 0.9250 0.9194 44N 78W 22 81208m54s
19-16 -0707-Dec-3106:44:04 20286 510 -33469 A p- 0.9137 0.9230 42N 156E 24 71908m34s
20-15 -0688-Jan-1114:40:07 19997 503 -33246 A p- 0.8990 0.9274 40N 32E 26 62208m04s
21-14 -0670-Jan-2122:29:00 19710 496 -33023 A p- 0.8775 0.9323 38N 89W 28 52107m26s
22-13 -0652-Feb-0206:11:21 19425 489 -32800 A p- 0.8500 0.9379 36N 151E 32 42906m42s
23-12 -0634-Feb-1213:45:07 19143 482 -32577 A p- 0.8145 0.9438 34N 35E 35 34805m55s
24-11 -0616-Feb-2321:11:59 18862 475 -32354 A p- 0.7726 0.9501 33N 79W 39 28005m06s
25-10 -0598-Mar-0604:30:56 18583 468 -32131 A p- 0.7230 0.9565 32N 170E 43 22304m19s
26 -9 -0580-Mar-1611:41:42 18307 461 -31908 A p- 0.6659 0.9631 32N 61E 48 17403m34s
27 -8 -0562-Mar-2718:46:10 18033 454 -31685 A p- 0.6025 0.9695 32N 45W 53 13402m53s
28 -7 -0544-Apr-0701:44:45 17760 447 -31462 A p- 0.5334 0.9758 32N 149W 58 10002m15s
29 -6 -0526-Apr-1808:38:55 17490 440 -31239 A p- 0.4595 0.9818 32N 108E 62 7201m41s
30 -5 -0508-Apr-2815:29:07 17222 433 -31016 A p- 0.3811 0.9874 32N 7E 67 4801m11s
31 -4 -0490-May-0922:18:12 16923 427 -30793 A p- 0.3006 0.9925 32N 94W 72 2800m43s
32 -3 -0472-May-2005:06:27 16609 420 -30570 A nn 0.2185 0.9970 31N 165E 77 1100m17s
33 -2 -0454-May-3111:55:16 16303 414 -30347 H nn 0.1356 1.0010 29N 64E 82 400m06s
34 -1 -0436-Jun-1018:46:41 16006 407 -30124 H nn 0.0538 1.0044 26N 37W 87 1500m27s
35 0 -0418-Jun-2201:42:09 15717 401 -29901 H nn -0.0255 1.0071 22N 141W 89 2500m46s
36 1 -0400-Jul-0208:43:18 15435 394 -29678 H nn -0.1013 1.0092 18N 113E 84 3201m01s
37 2 -0382-Jul-1315:49:54 15161 388 -29455 Hm nn -0.1734 1.0108 13N 6E 80 3801m12s
38 3 -0364-Jul-2323:05:14 14893 381 -29232 H nn -0.2389 1.0118 8N 105W 76 4201m19s
39 4 -0346-Aug-0406:28:13 14631 375 -29009 H -n -0.2988 1.0123 2N 142E 73 4401m22s
40 5 -0328-Aug-1414:00:37 14375 369 -28786 H -n -0.3517 1.0126 4S 26E 69 4601m22s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 59
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 6 -0310-Aug-2521:41:51 14125 363 -28563 H -n -0.3980 1.0124 10S 92W 66 4701m18s
42 7 -0292-Sep-0505:33:41 13881 357 -28340 H -n -0.4362 1.0123 16S 147E 64 4701m14s
43 8 -0274-Sep-1613:35:07 13641 351 -28117 H -n -0.4670 1.0120 22S 23E 62 4601m10s
44 9 -0256-Sep-2621:45:11 13407 345 -27894 H -p -0.4914 1.0119 28S 102W 60 4701m06s
45 10 -0238-Oct-0806:05:06 13178 339 -27671 H -p -0.5084 1.0118 33S 131E 59 4701m03s
46 11 -0220-Oct-1814:32:37 12953 333 -27448 H -p -0.5200 1.0122 39S 2E 58 4901m03s
47 12 -0202-Oct-2923:07:32 12733 327 -27225 H -p -0.5260 1.0129 43S 128W 58 5201m05s
48 13 -0184-Nov-0907:46:24 12517 321 -27002 H -p -0.5295 1.0140 48S 103E 58 5701m08s
49 14 -0166-Nov-2016:30:43 12305 315 -26779 T -p -0.5292 1.0157 51S 26W 58 6401m15s
50 15 -0148-Dec-0101:16:25 12097 310 -26556 T -p -0.5287 1.0179 54S 154W 58 7201m23s
51 16 -0130-Dec-1210:03:20 11892 304 -26333 T -p -0.5278 1.0206 55S 78E 58 8301m35s
52 17 -0112-Dec-2218:48:10 11692 298 -26110 T -p -0.5293 1.0238 56S 48W 58 9601m48s
53 18 -0093-Jan-0303:31:13 11494 293 -25887 T -p -0.5330 1.0275 55S 173W 58 11002m03s
54 19 -0075-Jan-1312:09:15 11300 287 -25664 T -p -0.5412 1.0315 53S 61E 57 12702m19s
55 20 -0057-Jan-2420:42:08 11109 282 -25441 T -p -0.5544 1.0359 51S 64W 56 14502m36s
56 21 -0039-Feb-0405:08:20 10921 276 -25218 T -p -0.5738 1.0404 49S 172E 55 16402m55s
57 22 -0021-Feb-1513:28:11 10735 271 -24995 T -p -0.5989 1.0450 46S 49E 53 18603m13s
58 23 -0003-Feb-2521:39:20 10552 266 -24772 T -p -0.6318 1.0495 43S 73W 51 20903m32s
59 24 0015-Mar-0905:43:54 10371 261 -24549 T -p -0.6705 1.0537 41S 166E 48 23603m49s
60 25 0033-Mar-1913:39:59 10192 255 -24326 T -p -0.7167 1.0576 40S 47E 44 26704m06s
61 26 0051-Mar-3021:30:50 10014 250 -24103 T -p -0.7680 1.0609 40S 71W 40 30504m21s
62 27 0069-Apr-1005:13:01 9839 245 -23880 T -p -0.8267 1.0633 41S 174E 34 36104m31s
63 28 0087-Apr-2112:51:51 9664 240 -23657 T -p -0.8886 1.0647 44S 60E 27 45304m34s
64 29 0105-May-0120:24:27 9491 235 -23434 T -t -0.9557 1.0643 51S 50W 17 71504m21s
65 30 0123-May-1303:55:27 9319 230 -23211 P -t -1.0246 0.9775 62S 150W 0 - -
66 31 0141-May-2311:21:59 9147 225 -22988 P -t -1.0972 0.8369 63S 89E 0 - -
67 32 0159-Jun-0318:49:23 8976 221 -22765 P -t -1.1693 0.6967 64S 34W 0 - -
68 33 0177-Jun-1402:15:10 8805 216 -22542 P -t -1.2422 0.5546 65S 156W 0 - -
69 34 0195-Jun-2509:43:06 8635 211 -22319 P -t -1.3135 0.4160 66S 82E 0 - -
70 35 0213-Jul-0517:12:19 8464 206 -22096 P -t -1.3833 0.2803 67S 42W 0 - -
71 36 0231-Jul-1700:46:15 8293 202 -21873 P -t -1.4491 0.1534 68S 167W 0 - -
72 37 0249-Jul-2708:24:14 8121 197 -21650 Pe -t -1.5112 0.0343 69S 66E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 59

Solar eclipses of Saros 59 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -1031 Jun 19. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 0249 Jul 27. The total duration of Saros series 59 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 59
First Eclipse -1031 Jun 19
Last Eclipse 0249 Jul 27
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 9P 23A 16H 16T 8P

Saros 59 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 59
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 17 23.6%
AnnularA 23 31.9%
TotalT 16 22.2%
HybridH 16 22.2%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 59 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 59
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 55100.0%
Central (two limits) 53 96.4%
Central (one limit) 1 1.8%
Non-Central (one limit) 1 1.8%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 59 occur in the following order : 9P 23A 16H 16T 8P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 59 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 59
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse -0743 Dec 0909m04s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse -0472 May 2000m17s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 0087 Apr 2104m34s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse -0166 Nov 2001m15s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -0346 Aug 0401m22s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse -0454 May 3100m06s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 0123 May 13 - 0.97751
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 0249 Jul 27 - 0.03429

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.