Saros 83

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 83

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 83

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 83 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 83
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-34 -0210-May-0502:07:32 12836 330 -27330 Pb t- 1.5502 0.0106 62N 80E 0 - -
2-33 -0192-May-1508:44:04 12618 324 -27107 P t- 1.4738 0.1448 62N 29W 0 - -
3-32 -0174-May-2615:16:10 12404 318 -26884 P t- 1.3941 0.2844 63N 137W 0 - -
4-31 -0156-Jun-0521:46:26 12194 312 -26661 P t- 1.3132 0.4257 64N 115E 0 - -
5-30 -0138-Jun-1704:15:39 11988 307 -26438 P t- 1.2317 0.5671 65N 7E 0 - -
6-29 -0120-Jun-2710:45:31 11786 301 -26215 P t- 1.1509 0.7065 66N 101W 0 - -
7-28 -0102-Jul-0817:17:44 11587 295 -25992 P t- 1.0719 0.8416 67N 150E 0 - -
8-27 -0084-Jul-1823:54:12 11391 290 -25769 An t- 0.9966 0.9374 70N 38E 2 - 03m39s
9-26 -0066-Jul-3006:36:22 11199 284 -25546 A t- 0.9263 0.9386 82N 158W 22 61804m17s
10-25 -0048-Aug-0913:23:57 11009 279 -25323 A p- 0.8606 0.9367 73N 61E 30 46604m55s
11-24 -0030-Aug-2020:19:48 10822 274 -25100 A p- 0.8019 0.9341 64N 53W 36 41205m38s
12-23 -0012-Aug-3103:23:16 10638 268 -24877 A p- 0.7496 0.9311 56N 165W 41 38806m24s
13-22 0006-Sep-1110:36:03 10456 263 -24654 A p- 0.7050 0.9281 48N 82E 45 37807m13s
14-21 0024-Sep-2117:56:51 10276 258 -24431 A p- 0.6670 0.9250 41N 32W 48 37508m05s
15-20 0042-Oct-0301:27:12 10098 253 -24208 A p- 0.6370 0.9222 35N 148W 50 37708m56s
16-19 0060-Oct-1309:05:36 9921 248 -23985 A p- 0.6135 0.9196 29N 94E 52 38109m47s
17-18 0078-Oct-2416:51:12 9746 243 -23762 A p- 0.5958 0.9175 24N 26W 53 38610m35s
18-17 0096-Nov-0400:43:44 9573 238 -23539 A p- 0.5837 0.9159 20N 147W 54 39211m18s
19-16 0114-Nov-1508:40:47 9400 233 -23316 A p- 0.5747 0.9149 16N 92E 55 39511m52s
20-15 0132-Nov-2516:41:45 9228 228 -23093 A p- 0.5692 0.9144 14N 31W 55 39612m16s
21-14 0150-Dec-0700:42:43 9057 223 -22870 A p- 0.5632 0.9147 12N 154W 56 39312m23s
22-13 0168-Dec-1708:44:59 8886 218 -22647 A p- 0.5580 0.9156 10N 84E 56 38712m14s
23-12 0186-Dec-2816:44:14 8715 213 -22424 A p- 0.5497 0.9173 10N 38W 57 37511m49s
24-11 0205-Jan-0800:40:12 8544 209 -22201 A p- 0.5387 0.9196 9N 159W 57 35911m09s
25-10 0223-Jan-1908:29:39 8373 204 -21978 A p- 0.5219 0.9226 10N 82E 58 33910m21s
26 -9 0241-Jan-2916:13:36 8202 199 -21755 A p- 0.5003 0.9261 10N 36W 60 31709m27s
27 -8 0259-Feb-0923:49:40 8030 195 -21532 A p- 0.4716 0.9302 11N 151W 62 29208m32s
28 -7 0277-Feb-2007:17:35 7858 190 -21309 A p- 0.4357 0.9346 12N 96E 64 26707m40s
29 -6 0295-Mar-0314:37:00 7684 186 -21086 A p- 0.3921 0.9393 14N 15W 67 24206m51s
30 -5 0313-Mar-1321:48:44 7510 182 -20863 A p- 0.3418 0.9442 15N 123W 70 21706m08s
31 -4 0331-Mar-2504:51:59 7335 177 -20640 A p- 0.2838 0.9493 16N 131E 73 19305m28s
32 -3 0349-Apr-0411:48:19 7160 173 -20417 A nn 0.2190 0.9542 17N 27E 77 17104m54s
33 -2 0367-Apr-1518:38:13 6983 169 -20194 A nn 0.1483 0.9591 18N 75W 81 15004m24s
34 -1 0385-Apr-2601:24:00 6806 165 -19971 A nn 0.0734 0.9636 17N 176W 86 13203m59s
35 0 0403-May-0708:04:23 6628 161 -19748 A nn -0.0069 0.9679 17N 85E 90 11603m36s
36 1 0421-May-1714:43:49 6450 156 -19525 Am nn -0.0886 0.9717 15N 14W 85 10203m17s
37 2 0439-May-2821:21:10 6271 152 -19302 A nn -0.1727 0.9750 12N 113W 80 9002m59s
38 3 0457-Jun-0804:00:57 6093 149 -19079 A nn -0.2558 0.9779 9N 147E 75 8102m43s
39 4 0475-Jun-1910:40:10 5916 145 -18856 A np -0.3400 0.9802 4N 46E 70 7502m29s
40 5 0493-Jun-2917:25:21 5740 141 -18633 A -p -0.4199 0.9819 1S 56W 65 7102m16s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 83
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 6 0511-Jul-1100:13:36 5563 137 -18410 A -p -0.4978 0.9831 8S 161W 60 6902m05s
42 7 0529-Jul-2107:09:33 5387 133 -18187 A -p -0.5700 0.9838 14S 92E 55 7001m56s
43 8 0547-Aug-0114:11:20 5212 130 -17964 A -p -0.6383 0.9840 21S 17W 50 7301m48s
44 9 0565-Aug-1121:23:31 5038 126 -17741 A -p -0.6987 0.9839 29S 129W 45 7901m42s
45 10 0583-Aug-2304:44:14 4865 122 -17518 A -p -0.7528 0.9834 36S 115E 41 8901m38s
46 11 0601-Sep-0212:14:44 4694 119 -17295 A -p -0.7996 0.9828 43S 3W 37 10101m34s
47 12 0619-Sep-1319:55:11 4525 115 -17072 A -p -0.8390 0.9820 51S 125W 33 11701m31s
48 13 0637-Sep-2403:46:22 4356 112 -16849 A -p -0.8706 0.9813 58S 109E 29 13501m28s
49 14 0655-Oct-0511:47:06 4189 108 -16626 A -p -0.8952 0.9807 64S 19W 26 15401m24s
50 15 0673-Oct-1519:56:51 4025 105 -16403 A -p -0.9133 0.9805 70S 152W 24 17201m20s
51 16 0691-Oct-2704:15:08 3861 102 -16180 A -p -0.9251 0.9807 75S 72E 22 18401m16s
52 17 0709-Nov-0612:40:59 3701 99 -15957 A -p -0.9318 0.9814 79S 67W 21 18601m10s
53 18 0727-Nov-1721:11:51 3542 95 -15734 A -p -0.9351 0.9828 83S 147E 20 17701m03s
54 19 0745-Nov-2805:47:33 3386 92 -15511 A -p -0.9353 0.9847 87S 19W 20 15700m54s
55 20 0763-Dec-0914:25:15 3232 89 -15288 A -p -0.9347 0.9872 87S 128E 20 13000m45s
56 21 0781-Dec-1923:04:16 3082 86 -15065 A -p -0.9336 0.9903 83S 37W 21 9700m34s
57 22 0799-Dec-3107:41:12 2935 83 -14842 A -p -0.9350 0.9939 79S 179W 20 6200m21s
58 23 0818-Jan-1016:17:02 2791 80 -14619 A -p -0.9381 0.9979 75S 43E 20 2200m07s
59 24 0836-Jan-2200:48:28 2650 77 -14396 H -p -0.9458 1.0021 71S 89W 18 2300m07s
60 25 0854-Feb-0109:14:56 2513 75 -14173 T -p -0.9581 1.0065 68S 142E 16 8000m22s
61 26 0872-Feb-1217:34:59 2380 72 -13950 T -p -0.9764 1.0105 65S 19E 12 17500m36s
62 27 0890-Feb-2301:48:52 2251 69 -13727 T- -t -1.0004 1.0007 61S 89W 0 - -
63 28 0908-Mar-0509:56:07 2127 67 -13504 P -t -1.0309 0.9466 61S 140E 0 - -
64 29 0926-Mar-1617:55:26 2006 64 -13281 P -t -1.0685 0.8787 61S 11E 0 - -
65 30 0944-Mar-2701:48:33 1890 61 -13058 P -t -1.1120 0.7988 61S 117W 0 - -
66 31 0962-Apr-0709:34:42 1778 59 -12835 P -t -1.1614 0.7067 61S 118E 0 - -
67 32 0980-Apr-1717:15:10 1671 56 -12612 P -t -1.2161 0.6034 62S 7W 0 - -
68 33 0998-Apr-2900:49:42 1569 54 -12389 P -t -1.2762 0.4889 62S 130W 0 - -
69 34 1016-May-0908:20:46 1471 52 -12166 P -t -1.3396 0.3672 63S 108E 0 - -
70 35 1034-May-2015:48:31 1378 49 -11943 P -t -1.4058 0.2393 64S 14W 0 - -
71 36 1052-May-3023:13:51 1289 47 -11720 Pe -t -1.4742 0.1064 65S 135W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 83

Solar eclipses of Saros 83 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on -0210 May 05. The series ended with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 1052 May 30. The total duration of Saros series 83 is 1262.11 years.

Summary of Saros 83
First Eclipse -0210 May 05
Last Eclipse 1052 May 30
Series Duration 1262.11 Years
No. of Eclipses 71
Sequence 7P 51A 1H 3T 9P

Saros 83 is composed of 71 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 83
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 71100.0%
PartialP 16 22.5%
AnnularA 51 71.8%
TotalT 3 4.2%
HybridH 1 1.4%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 83 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 83
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 55100.0%
Central (two limits) 53 96.4%
Central (one limit) 1 1.8%
Non-Central (one limit) 1 1.8%

The 71 eclipses in Saros 83 occur in the following order : 7P 51A 1H 3T 9P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 83 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 83
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 0150 Dec 0712m23s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 0818 Jan 1000m07s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 0872 Feb 1200m36s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 0854 Feb 0100m22s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 0836 Jan 2200m07s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 0836 Jan 2200m07s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 0908 Mar 05 - 0.94662
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse -0210 May 05 - 0.01064

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.