Saros 137

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 137

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 137

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 137 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 137
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-36 1389-May-2516:48:09 332 20 -7552 Pb t- 1.4994 0.0549 64N 140E 0 - -
2-35 1407-Jun-0600:16:33 306 20 -7329 P t- 1.4297 0.1902 65N 18E 0 - -
3-34 1425-Jun-1607:44:05 282 20 -7106 P t- 1.3593 0.3270 66N 104W 0 - -
4-33 1443-Jun-2715:11:08 259 20 -6883 P t- 1.2887 0.4640 67N 133E 0 - -
5-32 1461-Jul-0722:39:28 237 20 -6660 P t- 1.2191 0.5988 68N 10E 0 - -
6-31 1479-Jul-1906:09:14 217 20 -6437 P t- 1.1510 0.7302 69N 114W 0 - -
7-30 1497-Jul-2913:43:12 198 20 -6214 P t- 1.0864 0.8538 70N 120E 0 - -
8-29 1515-Aug-0921:21:23 180 20 -5991 P t- 1.0259 0.9686 71N 7W 0 - -
9-28 1533-Aug-2005:03:59 163 20 -5768 T t- 0.9693 1.0479 74N 178E 13 67802m40s
10-27 1551-Aug-3112:52:59 148 20 -5545 T p- 0.9185 1.0460 66N 28E 23 39102m52s
11-26 1569-Sep-1020:48:15 135 20 -5322 T p- 0.8733 1.0428 57N 103W 29 29302m55s
12-25 1587-Oct-0204:51:23 124 20 -5099 T p- 0.8352 1.0387 50N 128E 33 23502m51s
13-24 1605-Oct-1212:59:57 112 19 -4876 T p- 0.8023 1.0344 43N 1E 36 19302m43s
14-23 1623-Oct-2321:17:09 88 16 -4653 T p- 0.7770 1.0298 38N 128W 39 15902m31s
15-22 1641-Nov-0305:40:08 61 14 -4430 T p- 0.7570 1.0252 33N 102E 41 13002m15s
16-21 1659-Nov-1414:10:07 35 11 -4207 T p- 0.7432 1.0208 29N 28W 42 10601m56s
17-20 1677-Nov-2422:44:02 16 8 -3984 T p- 0.7332 1.0166 26N 160W 43 8401m36s
18-19 1695-Dec-0607:23:18 8 6 -3761 T p- 0.7280 1.0128 24N 68E 43 6401m16s
19-18 1713-Dec-1716:04:20 9 4 -3538 H p- 0.7249 1.0094 23N 65W 43 4700m56s
20-17 1731-Dec-2900:46:52 11 4 -3315 H p- 0.7234 1.0065 23N 162E 44 3200m39s
21-16 1750-Jan-0809:28:42 13 3 -3092 H p- 0.7217 1.0041 23N 29E 44 2000m24s
22-15 1768-Jan-1918:09:29 15 2 -2869 H p- 0.7195 1.0022 24N 103W 44 1100m13s
23-14 1786-Jan-3002:45:26 17 2 -2646 H p- 0.7141 1.0009 25N 125E 44 500m05s
24-13 1804-Feb-1111:16:32 12 1 -2423 H p- 0.7053 1.0001 27N 4W 45 000m00s
25-12 1822-Feb-2119:40:40 11 1 -2200 A p- 0.6914 0.9996 29N 132W 46 200m02s
26-11 1840-Mar-0403:58:22 5 1 -1977 A p- 0.6728 0.9995 31N 102E 48 200m03s
27-10 1858-Mar-1512:05:28 7 0 -1754 A p- 0.6461 0.9996 33N 21W 50 200m02s
28 -9 1876-Mar-2520:05:06 -4 0 -1531 A p- 0.6142 0.9999 35N 141W 52 100m01s
29 -8 1894-Apr-0603:53:41 -6 0 -1308 H p- 0.5740 1.0001 37N 102E 55 100m01s
30 -7 1912-Apr-1711:34:22 14 0 -1085 H p- 0.5280 1.0003 38N 11W 58 100m02s
31 -6 1930-Apr-2819:03:34 24 0 -862 H p- 0.4731 1.0003 39N 121W 62 100m01s
32 -5 1948-May-0902:26:04 28 0 -639 A p- 0.4133 0.9999 40N 131E 65 000m00s
33 -4 1966-May-2009:39:02 37 0 -416 A n- 0.3467 0.9992 39N 26E 70 300m05s
34 -3 1984-May-3016:45:42 54 0 -193 A nn 0.2755 0.9980 37N 77W 74 700m11s
35 -2 2002-Jun-1023:45:22 64 0 30 A nn 0.1993 0.9962 35N 179W 78 1300m23s
36 -1 2020-Jun-2106:41:15 70 0 253 Am nn 0.1209 0.9940 31N 80E 83 2100m38s
37 0 2038-Jul-0213:32:55 78 3 476 A nn 0.0398 0.9911 25N 22W 88 3101m00s
38 1 2056-Jul-1220:21:59 89 7 699 A nn -0.0426 0.9878 19N 124W 88 4301m26s
39 2 2074-Jul-2403:10:32 103 12 922 A nn -0.1242 0.9838 13N 134E 83 5801m57s
40 3 2092-Aug-0309:59:33 120 18 1145 A nn -0.2044 0.9794 6N 30E 78 7502m31s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 137
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 4 2110-Aug-1516:50:45 138 24 1368 A -p -0.2819 0.9746 2S 75W 74 9403m07s
42 5 2128-Aug-2523:44:34 160 31 1591 A -p -0.3562 0.9694 10S 180E 69 11703m41s
43 6 2146-Sep-0606:44:00 184 39 1814 A -p -0.4249 0.9640 18S 72E 65 14304m13s
44 7 2164-Sep-1613:48:20 211 48 2037 A -p -0.4885 0.9583 26S 37W 61 17204m42s
45 8 2182-Sep-2720:58:45 240 57 2260 A -p -0.5462 0.9527 34S 147W 57 20505m05s
46 9 2200-Oct-0904:16:21 272 67 2483 A -p -0.5972 0.9470 41S 101E 53 24105m25s
47 10 2218-Oct-2011:41:55 306 77 2706 A -p -0.6411 0.9416 48S 13W 50 28005m41s
48 11 2236-Oct-3019:15:14 343 88 2929 A -p -0.6779 0.9365 55S 127W 47 32105m54s
49 12 2254-Nov-1102:55:16 382 99 3152 A -p -0.7087 0.9317 61S 118E 45 36306m05s
50 13 2272-Nov-2110:42:52 424 110 3375 A -p -0.7327 0.9275 67S 5E 43 40206m15s
51 14 2290-Dec-0218:36:40 469 123 3598 A -p -0.7515 0.9237 71S 106W 41 43906m23s
52 15 2308-Dec-1402:34:52 516 135 3821 A -p -0.7662 0.9207 73S 148E 40 47006m31s
53 16 2326-Dec-2510:36:52 566 148 4044 A -p -0.7774 0.9182 74S 42E 39 49606m39s
54 17 2345-Jan-0418:40:23 618 162 4267 A -p -0.7872 0.9165 72S 66W 38 51706m45s
55 18 2363-Jan-1602:45:06 673 176 4490 A -p -0.7955 0.9154 69S 179W 37 53206m52s
56 19 2381-Jan-2610:46:37 731 190 4713 A -p -0.8064 0.9149 65S 66E 36 54606m57s
57 20 2399-Feb-0618:46:43 791 205 4936 A -p -0.8180 0.9150 62S 52W 35 55707m01s
58 21 2417-Feb-1702:40:41 854 221 5159 A -p -0.8345 0.9155 58S 169W 33 57407m04s
59 22 2435-Feb-2810:29:44 919 236 5382 A -p -0.8546 0.9165 55S 74E 31 59907m05s
60 23 2453-Mar-1018:09:41 987 253 5605 A -p -0.8820 0.9177 54S 40W 28 64707m04s
61 24 2471-Mar-2201:43:36 1057 269 5828 A -p -0.9141 0.9190 53S 152W 24 73807m00s
62 25 2489-Apr-0109:07:53 1130 286 6051 A -t -0.9541 0.9200 54S 100E 17 99706m50s
63 26 2507-Apr-1316:23:41 1206 303 6274 A- -t -1.0007 0.9538 61S 12E 0 - -
64 27 2525-Apr-2323:30:13 1284 321 6497 P -t -1.0544 0.8645 62S 103W 0 - -
65 28 2543-May-0506:29:17 1364 339 6720 P -t -1.1141 0.7647 62S 144E 0 - -
66 29 2561-May-1513:20:15 1448 358 6943 P -t -1.1802 0.6533 63S 32E 0 - -
67 30 2579-May-2620:04:26 1534 377 7166 P -t -1.2517 0.5320 64S 78W 0 - -
68 31 2597-Jun-0602:43:04 1622 396 7389 P -t -1.3273 0.4028 65S 174E 0 - -
69 32 2615-Jun-1809:17:53 1713 416 7612 P -t -1.4053 0.2688 66S 65E 0 - -
70 33 2633-Jun-2815:48:38 1807 436 7835 Pe -t -1.4864 0.1291 67S 42W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 137

Solar eclipses of Saros 137 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 1389 May 25. The series will end with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 2633 Jun 28. The total duration of Saros series 137 is 1244.08 years.

Summary of Saros 137
First Eclipse 1389 May 25
Last Eclipse 2633 Jun 28
Series Duration 1244.08 Years
No. of Eclipses 70
Sequence 8P 10T 6H 4A 3H 32A 7P

Saros 137 is composed of 70 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 137
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 70100.0%
PartialP 15 21.4%
AnnularA 36 51.4%
TotalT 10 14.3%
HybridH 9 12.9%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 137 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 137
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 55100.0%
Central (two limits) 54 98.2%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 1 1.8%

The 70 eclipses in Saros 137 occur in the following order : 8P 10T 6H 4A 3H 32A 7P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 137 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 137
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 2435 Feb 2807m05s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 1948 May 0900m00s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 1569 Sep 1002m55s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 1695 Dec 0601m16s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1713 Dec 1700m56s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1804 Feb 1100m00s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 1515 Aug 09 - 0.96855
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 1389 May 25 - 0.05490

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.