Saros 143

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 143

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 143

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 143 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 143
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-38 1617-Mar-0710:05:35 98 17 -4735 Pb t- 1.5110 0.0419 61N 49W 0 - -
2-37 1635-Mar-1818:24:52 71 15 -4512 P t- 1.4813 0.0973 61N 178E 0 - -
3-36 1653-Mar-2902:38:06 44 12 -4289 P t- 1.4469 0.1621 61N 46E 0 - -
4-35 1671-Apr-0910:41:24 22 9 -4066 P t- 1.4047 0.2423 61N 84W 0 - -
5-34 1689-Apr-1918:39:22 9 7 -3843 P t- 1.3581 0.3313 62N 148E 0 - -
6-33 1707-May-0202:28:16 9 5 -3620 P t- 1.3047 0.4339 62N 21E 0 - -
7-32 1725-May-1210:12:19 10 4 -3397 P t- 1.2472 0.5447 63N 104W 0 - -
8-31 1743-May-2317:48:55 12 3 -3174 P t- 1.1838 0.6671 64N 133E 0 - -
9-30 1761-Jun-0301:22:37 14 3 -2951 P t- 1.1182 0.7939 64N 10E 0 - -
10-29 1779-Jun-1408:51:28 17 2 -2728 P t- 1.0489 0.9275 65N 112W 0 - -
11-28 1797-Jun-2416:18:13 14 1 -2505 T t- 0.9780 1.0570 77N 134E 11 97502m47s
12-27 1815-Jul-0623:43:07 12 1 -2282 T t- 0.9062 1.0593 88N 163W 25 47003m13s
13-26 1833-Jul-1707:08:02 6 1 -2059 T p- 0.8348 1.0591 78N 92E 33 35703m29s
14-25 1851-Jul-2814:33:42 7 1 -1836 T p- 0.7644 1.0577 68N 20W 40 29603m41s
15-24 1869-Aug-0722:01:05 1 0 -1613 T p- 0.6960 1.0551 59N 133W 46 25403m48s
16-23 1887-Aug-1905:32:05 -6 0 -1390 T p- 0.6312 1.0518 51N 112E 51 22103m50s
17-22 1905-Aug-3013:07:26 5 0 -1167 T p- 0.5708 1.0477 42N 4W 55 19203m46s
18-21 1923-Sep-1020:47:29 23 0 -944 T p- 0.5149 1.0430 35N 122W 59 16703m37s
19-20 1941-Sep-2104:34:03 25 0 -721 T p- 0.4649 1.0379 27N 119E 62 14303m22s
20-19 1959-Oct-0212:27:00 33 0 -498 T n- 0.4207 1.0325 20N 1W 65 12003m02s
21-18 1977-Oct-1220:27:27 48 0 -275 T n- 0.3836 1.0269 14N 124W 67 9902m37s
22-17 1995-Oct-2404:33:31 61 0 -52 T n- 0.3518 1.0213 8N 113E 69 7802m10s
23-16 2013-Nov-0312:47:36 67 0 171 H3 n- 0.3272 1.0159 3N 12W 71 5801m40s
24-15 2031-Nov-1421:07:31 75 2 394 H n- 0.3078 1.0106 1S 138W 72 3801m08s
25-14 2049-Nov-2505:33:48 85 5 617 H n- 0.2943 1.0057 4S 95E 73 2100m38s
26-13 2067-Dec-0614:03:43 98 10 840 H n- 0.2845 1.0011 6S 33W 74 400m08s
27-12 2085-Dec-1622:37:48 113 15 1063 A n- 0.2786 0.9971 7S 161W 74 1000m19s
28-11 2103-Dec-2907:13:18 131 22 1286 A n- 0.2747 0.9936 8S 70E 74 2300m43s
29-10 2122-Jan-0815:48:51 152 29 1509 A n- 0.2713 0.9907 7S 59W 74 3401m02s
30 -9 2140-Jan-2000:23:11 175 36 1732 A n- 0.2676 0.9882 5S 173E 75 4301m17s
31 -8 2158-Jan-3008:54:37 201 45 1955 A n- 0.2619 0.9863 3S 45E 75 5001m27s
32 -7 2176-Feb-1017:21:21 229 54 2178 A n- 0.2532 0.9849 1S 82W 75 5501m34s
33 -6 2194-Feb-2101:41:31 260 63 2401 A n- 0.2396 0.9840 2N 153E 76 5801m38s
34 -5 2212-Mar-0409:55:00 293 73 2624 A nn 0.2211 0.9834 5N 29E 77 6001m40s
35 -4 2230-Mar-1518:00:26 329 84 2847 A nn 0.1964 0.9831 8N 92W 79 6101m40s
36 -3 2248-Mar-2601:56:01 368 95 3070 A nn 0.1643 0.9829 11N 149E 80 6101m41s
37 -2 2266-Apr-0609:42:37 409 106 3293 Am nn 0.1255 0.9829 13N 33E 83 6101m42s
38 -1 2284-Apr-1617:19:22 452 118 3516 A nn 0.0792 0.9827 15N 80W 85 6101m45s
39 0 2302-Apr-2900:47:19 499 131 3739 A nn 0.0262 0.9825 16N 169E 88 6201m49s
40 1 2320-May-0908:04:33 547 144 3962 A nn -0.0347 0.9820 16N 61E 88 6401m56s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 143
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 2 2338-May-2015:14:19 599 157 4185 A nn -0.1011 0.9812 15N 45W 84 6702m07s
42 3 2356-May-3022:15:18 653 171 4408 A nn -0.1735 0.9800 12N 149W 80 7202m21s
43 4 2374-Jun-1105:09:55 709 185 4631 A -p -0.2505 0.9784 9N 108E 76 7902m39s
44 5 2392-Jun-2111:57:57 769 200 4854 A -p -0.3319 0.9762 4N 6E 71 9003m02s
45 6 2410-Jul-0218:42:29 830 215 5077 A -p -0.4152 0.9735 2S 95W 65 10403m25s
46 7 2428-Jul-1301:23:54 895 231 5300 A -p -0.4999 0.9703 8S 163E 60 12303m50s
47 8 2446-Jul-2408:03:10 962 247 5523 A -p -0.5854 0.9665 16S 61E 54 14904m13s
48 9 2464-Aug-0314:42:59 1031 263 5746 A -p -0.6693 0.9621 24S 42W 48 18404m32s
49 10 2482-Aug-1421:23:34 1103 280 5969 A -p -0.7516 0.9573 34S 147W 41 23404m45s
50 11 2500-Aug-2604:08:15 1178 297 6192 A -p -0.8297 0.9518 44S 106E 34 31304m53s
51 12 2518-Sep-0610:55:40 1255 315 6415 A -t -0.9046 0.9458 55S 6W 25 46704m54s
52 13 2536-Sep-1617:50:17 1334 333 6638 A -t -0.9728 0.9385 67S 132W 13 102604m48s
53 14 2554-Sep-2800:50:12 1417 351 6861 P -t -1.0358 0.8994 72S 75E 0 - -
54 15 2572-Oct-0807:58:18 1502 370 7084 P -t -1.0915 0.8030 72S 46W 0 - -
55 16 2590-Oct-1915:13:16 1589 389 7307 P -t -1.1411 0.7179 72S 168W 0 - -
56 17 2608-Oct-3022:37:23 1679 409 7530 P -t -1.1829 0.6468 71S 68E 0 - -
57 18 2626-Nov-1106:08:42 1772 429 7753 P -t -1.2181 0.5873 70S 57W 0 - -
58 19 2644-Nov-2113:47:26 1867 449 7976 P -t -1.2469 0.5390 69S 176E 0 - -
59 20 2662-Dec-0221:32:52 1965 470 8199 P -t -1.2699 0.5006 68S 49E 0 - -
60 21 2680-Dec-1305:25:01 2065 491 8422 P -t -1.2875 0.4715 67S 79W 0 - -
61 22 2698-Dec-2413:21:05 2168 513 8645 P -t -1.3015 0.4484 66S 152E 0 - -
62 23 2717-Jan-0421:20:50 2274 535 8868 P -t -1.3123 0.4307 65S 22E 0 - -
63 24 2735-Jan-1605:21:33 2382 557 9091 P -t -1.3223 0.4142 64S 107W 0 - -
64 25 2753-Jan-2613:23:36 2492 579 9314 P -t -1.3312 0.3996 63S 124E 0 - -
65 26 2771-Feb-0621:22:09 2605 602 9537 P -t -1.3429 0.3802 62S 5W 0 - -
66 27 2789-Feb-1705:19:14 2721 626 9760 P -t -1.3558 0.3587 62S 132W 0 - -
67 28 2807-Feb-2813:10:04 2840 650 9983 P -t -1.3737 0.3287 61S 102E 0 - -
68 29 2825-Mar-1020:56:40 2960 674 10206 P -t -1.3949 0.2929 61S 23W 0 - -
69 30 2843-Mar-2204:34:07 3084 698 10429 P -t -1.4236 0.2442 61S 145W 0 - -
70 31 2861-Apr-0112:05:59 3210 723 10652 P -t -1.4567 0.1879 61S 94E 0 - -
71 32 2879-Apr-1219:28:24 3339 748 10875 P -t -1.4973 0.1182 62S 25W 0 - -
72 33 2897-Apr-2302:43:12 3470 774 11098 Pe -t -1.5439 0.0379 62S 142W 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 143

Solar eclipses of Saros 143 all occur at the Moon’s ascending node and the Moon moves southward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 1617 Mar 07. The series will end with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 2897 Apr 23. The total duration of Saros series 143 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 143
First Eclipse 1617 Mar 07
Last Eclipse 2897 Apr 23
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 10P 12T 4H 26A 20P

Saros 143 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 143
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 30 41.7%
AnnularA 26 36.1%
TotalT 12 16.7%
HybridH 4 5.6%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 143 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 143
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 42100.0%
Central (two limits) 42100.0%
Central (one limit) 0 0.0%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 143 occur in the following order : 10P 12T 4H 26A 20P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 143 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 143
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 2518 Sep 0604m54s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 2085 Dec 1600m19s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 1887 Aug 1903m50s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 1995 Oct 2402m10s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 2013 Nov 0301m40s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 2067 Dec 0600m08s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 1779 Jun 14 - 0.92755
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 2897 Apr 23 - 0.03795

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.