Saros 126

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 126

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 126

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 126 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 126
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-32 1179-Mar-1007:39:47 790 33 -10152 Pb t- -1.5357 0.0535 72S 165E 0 - -
2-31 1197-Mar-2014:48:52 736 31 -9929 P t- -1.4880 0.1326 72S 44E 0 - -
3-30 1215-Mar-3121:50:37 684 29 -9706 P t- -1.4345 0.2222 72S 76W 0 - -
4-29 1233-Apr-1104:41:20 636 28 -9483 P t- -1.3717 0.3278 71S 168E 0 - -
5-28 1251-Apr-2211:26:28 592 26 -9260 P t- -1.3042 0.4422 71S 53E 0 - -
6-27 1269-May-0218:03:11 550 24 -9037 P t- -1.2292 0.5699 70S 59W 0 - -
7-26 1287-May-1400:35:22 511 23 -8814 P t- -1.1500 0.7051 69S 169W 0 - -
8-25 1305-May-2407:02:14 474 21 -8591 P t- -1.0659 0.8495 68S 83E 0 - -
9-24 1323-Jun-0413:27:52 440 20 -8368 As t- -0.9800 0.9383 56S 23W 11 - 05m59s
10-23 1341-Jun-1419:52:07 408 20 -8145 A t- -0.8923 0.9433 40S 123W 26 46506m25s
11-22 1359-Jun-2602:16:29 378 20 -7922 A p- -0.8039 0.9463 30S 138E 36 33006m30s
12-21 1377-Jul-0608:43:25 350 20 -7699 A p- -0.7168 0.9484 23S 40E 44 26906m24s
13-20 1395-Jul-1715:14:14 323 20 -7476 A p- -0.6318 0.9497 18S 58W 51 23406m12s
14-19 1413-Jul-2721:50:22 298 20 -7253 A p- -0.5506 0.9506 14S 157W 57 21405m58s
15-18 1431-Aug-0804:32:59 274 20 -7030 A p- -0.4738 0.9509 12S 102E 62 20105m45s
16-17 1449-Aug-1811:24:03 252 20 -6807 A p- -0.4031 0.9509 11S 1W 66 19405m35s
17-16 1467-Aug-2918:24:27 230 20 -6584 A p- -0.3391 0.9505 11S 105W 70 19105m29s
18-15 1485-Sep-0901:33:04 210 20 -6361 A p- -0.2811 0.9500 12S 148E 74 19005m26s
19-14 1503-Sep-2008:52:36 191 20 -6138 A n- -0.2315 0.9494 14S 39E 77 19005m27s
20-13 1521-Sep-3016:21:41 174 20 -5915 A nn -0.1893 0.9489 16S 73W 79 19105m30s
21-12 1539-Oct-1200:01:44 158 20 -5692 A nn -0.1551 0.9484 19S 172E 81 19205m35s
22-11 1557-Oct-2207:49:26 143 20 -5469 A nn -0.1267 0.9482 21S 56E 83 19205m40s
23-10 1575-Nov-0215:47:26 131 20 -5246 A nn -0.1061 0.9483 23S 63W 84 19105m44s
24 -9 1593-Nov-2223:52:05 121 20 -5023 A nn -0.0906 0.9488 25S 177E 85 18905m46s
25 -8 1611-Dec-0408:03:42 104 18 -4800 A nn -0.0803 0.9498 27S 56E 85 18505m44s
26 -7 1629-Dec-1416:19:06 79 16 -4577 A nn -0.0726 0.9513 28S 66W 86 17905m38s
27 -6 1647-Dec-2600:38:34 52 13 -4354 A nn -0.0675 0.9535 27S 171E 86 17005m25s
28 -5 1666-Jan-0508:58:50 28 10 -4131 A nn -0.0624 0.9562 26S 47E 86 16005m07s
29 -4 1684-Jan-1617:18:52 11 7 -3908 A nn -0.0565 0.9597 24S 77W 87 14704m43s
30 -3 1702-Jan-2801:37:09 8 5 -3685 A nn -0.0485 0.9636 21S 160E 87 13204m14s
31 -2 1720-Feb-0809:52:30 10 4 -3462 A nn -0.0375 0.9681 17S 36E 88 11503m40s
32 -1 1738-Feb-1818:02:31 11 3 -3239 A nn -0.0211 0.9732 13S 87W 89 9603m03s
33 0 1756-Mar-0102:07:09 14 3 -3016 A nn 0.0006 0.9787 7S 151E 90 7602m24s
34 1 1774-Mar-1210:05:14 16 2 -2793 A nn 0.0284 0.9845 2S 31E 88 5501m43s
35 2 1792-Mar-2217:57:34 16 1 -2570 A nn 0.0618 0.9906 5N 89W 86 3301m02s
36 3 1810-Apr-0401:41:19 12 1 -2347 A nn 0.1031 0.9967 11N 154E 84 1200m21s
37 4 1828-Apr-1409:19:38 8 1 -2124 Hm nn 0.1498 1.0029 18N 38E 81 1000m18s
38 5 1846-Apr-2516:50:30 6 1 -1901 H nn 0.2038 1.0088 25N 76W 78 3100m53s
39 6 1864-May-0600:16:48 6 0 -1678 H -n 0.2622 1.0146 32N 172E 75 5201m25s
40 7 1882-May-1707:36:27 -5 0 -1455 T -n 0.3269 1.0200 38N 62E 71 7201m50s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 126
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 8 1900-May-2814:53:56 -2 0 -1232 T -n 0.3943 1.0249 45N 46W 67 9202m10s
42 9 1918-Jun-0822:07:43 20 0 -1009 T -p 0.4658 1.0292 51N 152W 62 11202m23s
43 10 1936-Jun-1905:20:31 24 0 -786 T -p 0.5389 1.0329 56N 105E 57 13202m31s
44 11 1954-Jun-3012:32:38 31 0 -563 T -p 0.6134 1.0357 60N 4E 52 15302m35s
45 12 1972-Jul-1019:46:38 43 0 -340 T -p 0.6872 1.0379 64N 94W 46 17502m36s
46 13 1990-Jul-2203:03:07 57 0 -117 T -p 0.7597 1.0391 65N 169E 40 20102m33s
47 14 2008-Aug-0110:22:12 66 0 106 T -p 0.8307 1.0394 66N 72E 34 23702m27s
48 15 2026-Aug-1217:47:06 72 1 329 T -p 0.8977 1.0386 65N 25W 26 29402m18s
49 16 2044-Aug-2301:17:02 82 4 552 T -t 0.9613 1.0364 64N 120W 15 45302m04s
50 17 2062-Sep-0308:54:27 94 8 775 P -t 1.0192 0.9749 61N 150E 0 - -
51 18 2080-Sep-1316:38:09 108 14 998 P -t 1.0724 0.8743 61N 26E 0 - -
52 19 2098-Sep-2500:31:16 126 20 1221 P -t 1.1184 0.7871 61N 101W 0 - -
53 20 2116-Oct-0608:31:51 145 27 1444 P -t 1.1589 0.7105 61N 130E 0 - -
54 21 2134-Oct-1716:40:42 168 34 1667 P -t 1.1931 0.6458 62N 1W 0 - -
55 22 2152-Oct-2800:57:34 193 42 1890 P -t 1.2213 0.5926 62N 134W 0 - -
56 23 2170-Nov-0809:23:07 220 51 2113 P -t 1.2426 0.5524 63N 91E 0 - -
57 24 2188-Nov-1817:55:24 250 60 2336 P -t 1.2591 0.5212 63N 46W 0 - -
58 25 2206-Dec-0102:33:55 283 70 2559 P -t 1.2711 0.4985 64N 175E 0 - -
59 26 2224-Dec-1111:17:51 318 80 2782 P -t 1.2791 0.4834 65N 34E 0 - -
60 27 2242-Dec-2220:06:40 356 91 3005 P -t 1.2836 0.4750 66N 108W 0 - -
61 28 2261-Jan-0204:56:54 396 103 3228 P -t 1.2873 0.4679 67N 109E 0 - -
62 29 2279-Jan-1313:49:06 439 115 3451 P -t 1.2899 0.4630 68N 35W 0 - -
63 30 2297-Jan-2322:39:47 485 127 3674 P -t 1.2940 0.4550 69N 179W 0 - -
64 31 2315-Feb-0507:29:49 533 140 3897 P -t 1.2991 0.4453 70N 37E 0 - -
65 32 2333-Feb-1516:14:19 584 153 4120 P -t 1.3087 0.4270 71N 107W 0 - -
66 33 2351-Feb-2700:56:11 637 167 4343 P -t 1.3209 0.4037 72N 109E 0 - -
67 34 2369-Mar-0909:30:23 693 181 4566 P -t 1.3392 0.3686 72N 33W 0 - -
68 35 2387-Mar-2017:59:08 751 195 4789 P -t 1.3624 0.3241 72N 174W 0 - -
69 36 2405-Mar-3102:18:51 812 210 5012 P -t 1.3929 0.2654 72N 47E 0 - -
70 37 2423-Apr-1110:32:40 876 226 5235 P -t 1.4283 0.1970 72N 90W 0 - -
71 38 2441-Apr-2118:37:49 942 242 5458 P -t 1.4707 0.1149 71N 135E 0 - -
72 39 2459-May-0302:35:53 1010 258 5681 Pe -t 1.5188 0.0214 70N 3E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 126

Solar eclipses of Saros 126 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 1179 Mar 10. The series will end with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 2459 May 03. The total duration of Saros series 126 is 1280.14 years.

Summary of Saros 126
First Eclipse 1179 Mar 10
Last Eclipse 2459 May 03
Series Duration 1280.14 Years
No. of Eclipses 72
Sequence 8P 28A 3H 10T 23P

Saros 126 is composed of 72 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 126
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 72100.0%
PartialP 31 43.1%
AnnularA 28 38.9%
TotalT 10 13.9%
HybridH 3 4.2%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 126 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 126
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 41100.0%
Central (two limits) 40 97.6%
Central (one limit) 1 2.4%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 72 eclipses in Saros 126 occur in the following order : 8P 28A 3H 10T 23P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 126 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 126
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 1359 Jun 2606m30s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 1810 Apr 0400m21s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 1972 Jul 1002m36s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 1882 May 1701m50s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1864 May 0601m25s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1828 Apr 1400m18s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 2062 Sep 03 - 0.97489
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 2459 May 03 - 0.02138

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.