Saros 128

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 128

Fred Espenak

Introduction

The periodicity and recurrence of solar eclipses is governed by the Saros cycle, a period of approximately 6,585.3 days (18 years 11 days 8 hours). When two eclipses are separated by a period of one Saros, they share a very similar geometry. The two eclipses occur at the same node with the Moon at nearly the same distance from Earth and the same time of year due to a harmonic in three cycles of the Moon's orbit. Thus, the Saros is useful for organizing eclipses into families or series. Each series typically lasts 12 to 13 centuries and contains 70 or more eclipses. Every saros series begins with a number of partial eclipses near one of Earth's polar regions. The series will then produce several dozen central eclipses before ending with a group of partial eclipses near the opposite pole. For more information, see Periodicity of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 128

The table below lists the concise characteristics of every solar eclipse belonging to Saros 128 . The date and time of each eclipse is given for the instant of Greatest Eclipse. For eclipses between the years -1999 to 3000, the calendar date links to a web page containing additional details and a map showing the geographic region of eclipse visibility for that eclipse. A description of each parameter in the catalog table can be found in Key to Saros Catalog of Solar Eclipses.

Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 128
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
1-42 0984-Aug-2908:35:34 1646 56 -12558 Pb t- -1.5263 0.0084 61S 18W 0 - -
2-41 1002-Sep-0916:38:21 1545 53 -12335 P t- -1.4840 0.0911 61S 148W 0 - -
3-40 1020-Sep-2000:47:43 1448 51 -12112 P t- -1.4474 0.1624 61S 80E 0 - -
4-39 1038-Oct-0109:05:26 1356 49 -11889 P t- -1.4178 0.2201 61S 53W 0 - -
5-38 1056-Oct-1117:30:21 1269 47 -11666 P t- -1.3943 0.2656 61S 171E 0 - -
6-37 1074-Oct-2302:01:43 1186 44 -11443 P t- -1.3766 0.2998 62S 34E 0 - -
7-36 1092-Nov-0210:39:32 1107 42 -11220 P t- -1.3644 0.3234 62S 105W 0 - -
8-35 1110-Nov-1319:22:16 1033 40 -10997 P t- -1.3569 0.3379 63S 115E 0 - -
9-34 1128-Nov-2404:09:23 963 38 -10774 P t- -1.3531 0.3452 64S 26W 0 - -
10-33 1146-Dec-0512:57:31 898 36 -10551 P t- -1.3508 0.3499 65S 168W 0 - -
11-32 1164-Dec-1521:48:00 836 34 -10328 P t- -1.3508 0.3501 66S 49E 0 - -
12-31 1182-Dec-2706:37:05 778 32 -10105 P t- -1.3506 0.3506 67S 94W 0 - -
13-30 1201-Jan-0615:24:26 724 31 -9882 P t- -1.3492 0.3532 68S 122E 0 - -
14-29 1219-Jan-1800:06:44 674 29 -9659 P t- -1.3445 0.3618 69S 20W 0 - -
15-28 1237-Jan-2808:44:47 627 27 -9436 P t- -1.3370 0.3758 70S 162W 0 - -
16-27 1255-Feb-0817:15:39 583 26 -9213 P t- -1.3244 0.3991 71S 57E 0 - -
17-26 1273-Feb-1901:39:00 541 24 -8990 P t- -1.3066 0.4320 71S 82W 0 - -
18-25 1291-Mar-0209:53:45 503 22 -8767 P t- -1.2826 0.4766 72S 140E 0 - -
19-24 1309-Mar-1218:00:22 467 21 -8544 P t- -1.2527 0.5323 72S 4E 0 - -
20-23 1327-Mar-2401:56:49 433 20 -8321 P t- -1.2152 0.6020 72S 129W 0 - -
21-22 1345-Apr-0309:44:55 402 20 -8098 P t- -1.1717 0.6829 71S 100E 0 - -
22-21 1363-Apr-1417:23:45 372 20 -7875 P t- -1.1213 0.7767 71S 29W 0 - -
23-20 1381-Apr-2500:55:44 344 20 -7652 P t- -1.0660 0.8794 70S 155W 0 - -
24-19 1399-May-0608:18:26 318 20 -7429 P t- -1.0036 0.9948 69S 82E 0 - -
25-18 1417-May-1615:36:29 293 20 -7206 T p- -0.9379 1.0180 49S 46W 20 18001m30s
26-17 1435-May-2722:47:52 269 20 -6983 T p- -0.8670 1.0184 38S 160W 30 12701m43s
27-16 1453-Jun-0705:56:42 247 20 -6760 T p- -0.7948 1.0175 29S 89E 37 9901m45s
28-15 1471-Jun-1813:00:11 226 20 -6537 T p- -0.7189 1.0157 22S 20W 44 7701m38s
29-14 1489-Jun-2820:04:23 206 20 -6314 H3 p- -0.6441 1.0130 17S 127W 50 5801m23s
30-13 1507-Jul-1003:06:32 187 20 -6091 H p- -0.5680 1.0095 12S 126E 55 4001m01s
31-12 1525-Jul-2010:11:02 170 20 -5868 H p- -0.4947 1.0054 9S 19E 60 2200m35s
32-11 1543-Jul-3117:16:22 155 20 -5645 H p- -0.4229 1.0007 7S 87W 65 300m05s
33-10 1561-Aug-1100:27:06 141 20 -5422 A n- -0.3564 0.9956 7S 166E 69 1600m27s
34 -9 1579-Aug-2207:41:31 129 20 -5199 A n- -0.2938 0.9901 7S 57E 73 3601m00s
35 -8 1597-Sep-1115:01:20 119 20 -4976 A nn -0.2363 0.9843 8S 52W 76 5701m35s
36 -7 1615-Sep-2222:27:20 100 18 -4753 A nn -0.1850 0.9784 9S 164W 79 7802m11s
37 -6 1633-Oct-0306:00:37 73 15 -4530 Am nn -0.1405 0.9726 11S 83E 82 9902m48s
38 -5 1651-Oct-1413:40:55 46 12 -4307 A nn -0.1025 0.9668 14S 31W 84 12003m27s
39 -4 1669-Oct-2421:28:04 23 10 -4084 A nn -0.0710 0.9613 16S 148W 86 14104m07s
40 -3 1687-Nov-0505:22:24 10 7 -3861 A nn -0.0460 0.9561 18S 94E 87 16004m49s
Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 128
Seq Num Rel Num Calendar Date TD of Greatest Eclipse ΔT

s
ΔT Sigma
s
Luna Num Ecl Type QLE Gamma Ecl Mag Lat

°
Long

°
Sun Alt
°
Path Width km Central Dur
41 -2 1705-Nov-1613:23:05 9 5 -3638 A nn -0.0271 0.9514 20S 25W 88 17805m31s
42 -1 1723-Nov-2721:28:15 10 4 -3415 A nn -0.0125 0.9471 22S 145W 89 19506m12s
43 0 1741-Dec-0805:37:59 12 3 -3192 A nn -0.0024 0.9434 23S 94E 90 20906m51s
44 1 1759-Dec-1913:50:05 14 3 -2969 A nn 0.0051 0.9404 23S 28W 90 22107m25s
45 2 1777-Dec-2922:03:28 17 2 -2746 A nn 0.0109 0.9380 23S 150W 90 23107m53s
46 3 1796-Jan-1006:14:52 15 1 -2523 A nn 0.0179 0.9362 21S 88E 89 23808m15s
47 4 1814-Jan-2114:24:46 12 1 -2300 A nn 0.0253 0.9350 19S 33W 89 24208m28s
48 5 1832-Feb-0122:30:14 7 1 -2077 A nn 0.0354 0.9344 15S 154W 88 24508m35s
49 6 1850-Feb-1206:29:37 7 1 -1854 A nn 0.0503 0.9345 11S 86E 87 24508m35s
50 7 1868-Feb-2314:21:31 3 0 -1631 A nn 0.0706 0.9348 6S 33W 86 24308m30s
51 8 1886-Mar-0522:05:25 -6 0 -1408 A nn 0.0970 0.9357 0S 150W 84 24008m20s
52 9 1904-Mar-1705:40:44 3 0 -1185 A nn 0.1299 0.9368 6N 95E 82 23708m07s
53 10 1922-Mar-2813:05:26 23 0 -962 A nn 0.1711 0.9381 12N 18W 80 23307m50s
54 11 1940-Apr-0720:21:21 24 0 -739 A nn 0.2190 0.9394 19N 129W 77 23007m30s
55 12 1958-Apr-1903:27:17 32 0 -516 A np 0.2750 0.9408 26N 124E 74 22807m07s
56 13 1976-Apr-2910:24:18 47 0 -293 A -p 0.3378 0.9421 34N 18E 70 22706m41s
57 14 1994-May-1017:12:27 60 0 -70 A -p 0.4077 0.9431 42N 84W 66 23006m13s
58 15 2012-May-2023:53:54 67 0 153 A -p 0.4828 0.9439 49N 176E 61 23705m46s
59 16 2030-Jun-0106:29:13 74 2 376 A -p 0.5626 0.9443 57N 80E 55 25005m21s
60 17 2048-Jun-1112:58:53 84 5 599 A -p 0.6468 0.9441 64N 12W 49 27104m58s
61 18 2066-Jun-2219:25:48 97 9 822 A -p 0.7330 0.9435 70N 96W 43 30904m40s
62 19 2084-Jul-0301:50:26 112 15 1045 A -p 0.8208 0.9421 75N 169W 35 37704m25s
63 20 2102-Jul-1508:15:14 130 21 1268 A -t 0.9080 0.9398 76N 134E 24 53904m14s
64 21 2120-Jul-2514:40:02 150 28 1491 An -t 0.9948 0.9343 66N 90E 4 - 04m00s
65 22 2138-Aug-0521:08:57 173 36 1714 P -t 1.0781 0.8285 62N 10W 0 - -
66 23 2156-Aug-1603:41:28 198 44 1937 P -t 1.1584 0.6912 62N 117W 0 - -
67 24 2174-Aug-2710:19:55 226 53 2160 P -t 1.2336 0.5630 61N 135E 0 - -
68 25 2192-Sep-0617:05:08 257 62 2383 P -t 1.3032 0.4444 61N 25E 0 - -
69 26 2210-Sep-1823:59:09 290 72 2606 P -t 1.3657 0.3384 61N 87W 0 - -
70 27 2228-Sep-2907:02:07 326 83 2829 P -t 1.4212 0.2445 61N 159E 0 - -
71 28 2246-Oct-1014:13:18 364 94 3052 P -t 1.4705 0.1615 61N 43E 0 - -
72 29 2264-Oct-2021:35:23 405 105 3275 P -t 1.5111 0.0933 62N 77W 0 - -
73 30 2282-Nov-0105:06:24 449 117 3498 Pe -t 1.5448 0.0370 62N 162E 0 - -

Statistics for Solar Eclipses of Saros 128

Solar eclipses of Saros 128 all occur at the Moon’s descending node and the Moon moves northward with each eclipse. The series began with a partial eclipse in the southern hemisphere on 0984 Aug 29. The series will end with a partial eclipse in the northern hemisphere on 2282 Nov 01. The total duration of Saros series 128 is 1298.17 years.

Summary of Saros 128
First Eclipse 0984 Aug 29
Last Eclipse 2282 Nov 01
Series Duration 1298.17 Years
No. of Eclipses 73
Sequence 24P 4T 4H 32A 9P

Saros 128 is composed of 73 solar eclipses as follows:

Solar Eclipses of Saros 128
Eclipse Type Symbol Number Percent
All Eclipses - 73100.0%
PartialP 33 45.2%
AnnularA 32 43.8%
TotalT 4 5.5%
HybridH 4 5.5%

Umbral eclipses (annular, total and hybrid) can be further classified as either: 1) Central (two limits), 2) Central (one limit) or 3) Non-Central (one limit). The statistical distribution of these classes in Saros series 128 appears in the following table.

Umbral Eclipses of Saros 128
Classification Number Percent
All Umbral Eclipses 40100.0%
Central (two limits) 39 97.5%
Central (one limit) 1 2.5%
Non-Central (one limit) 0 0.0%

The 73 eclipses in Saros 128 occur in the following order : 24P 4T 4H 32A 9P

The longest and shortest central eclipses of Saros 128 as well as largest and smallest partial eclipses appear below.

Extreme Durations and Magnitudes of Solar Eclipses of Saros 128
Extrema Type Date Duration Magnitude
Longest Annular Solar Eclipse 1832 Feb 0108m35s -
Shortest Annular Solar Eclipse 1561 Aug 1100m27s -
Longest Total Solar Eclipse 1453 Jun 0701m45s -
Shortest Total Solar Eclipse 1417 May 1601m30s -
Longest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1489 Jun 2801m23s -
Shortest Hybrid Solar Eclipse 1543 Jul 3100m05s -
Largest Partial Solar Eclipse 1399 May 06 - 0.99482
Smallest Partial Solar Eclipse 0984 Aug 29 - 0.00843

Links to Additional Solar Eclipse Predictions

Calendar

The Gregorian calendar (also called the Western calendar) is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named for Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in 1582. On this website, the Gregorian calendar is used for all calendar dates from 1582 Oct 15 onwards. Before that date, the Julian calendar is used. For more information on this topic, see Calendar Dates.

The Julian calendar does not include the year 0. Thus the year 1 BCE is followed by the year 1 CE (See: BCE/CE Dating Conventions). This is awkward for arithmetic calculations. Years in this catalog are numbered astronomically and include the year 0. Historians should note there is a difference of one year between astronomical dates and BCE dates. Thus, the astronomical year 0 corresponds to 1 BCE, and astronomical year -1 corresponds to 2 BCE, etc..

Eclipse Predictions

The eclipse predictions presented here were generated using the JPL DE406 solar and lunar ephemerides. The lunar coordinates have been calculated with respect to the Moon's Center of Mass.

The largest uncertainty in the eclipse predictions is caused by fluctuations in Earth's rotation due primarily to tidal friction of the Moon. The resultant drift in apparent clock time is expressed as ΔT and is determined as follows:

  1. pre-1950's: ΔT calculated from empirical fits to historical records derived by Morrison and Stephenson (2004)
  2. 1955-present: ΔT obtained from published observations
  3. future: ΔT is extrapolated from current values weighted by the long term trend from tidal effects

A series of polynomial expressions have been derived to simplify the evaluation of ΔT for any time from -2999 to +3000. The uncertainty in ΔT over this period can be estimated from scatter in the measurements.

Acknowledgments

Some of the content on this web site is based on the books Five Millennium Canon of Solar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000 and Thousand Year Canon of Solar Eclipses 1501 to 2500. All eclipse calculations are by Fred Espenak, and he assumes full responsibility for their accuracy.

Permission is granted to reproduce data from this page when accompanied by an acknowledgment:

"Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, www.EclipseWise.com"

The use of diagrams and maps is permitted provided that they are NOT altered (except for re-sizing) and the embedded credit line is NOT removed or covered.